Giffard, Henri

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Giffard, Henri


Born Feb. 8, 1825, in Paris; died there Apr. 14, 1882. French inventor.

Giffard built a dirigible (capacity, 2,500 cu m), in which he made his first flight on Sept. 24, 1852 (the dirigible was filled with illuminating gas). In 1878, Giffard built a captive spherical balloon with a capacity of 25,000 cu m with a gondola accommodating 40 passengers; it was used to take aloft visitors at the International Exhibition in Paris. Giffard invented the automatic injection pump for steam boilers that bears his name.


Frank, M. L. Istoriia vozdukhoplavaniia i ego sovremennoe sostoianie, parts 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1910–11. (Vozdukhoplavanie, vol. 1.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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