Gifford, Sanford

Gifford, Sanford (Robinson)

(1823–80) painter; born in Greenfield, N.Y. He studied at the National Academy of Design (c. 1845), and was influenced by the work of Thomas Cole. A founder of the American luminism school of painting, he specialized in the effects of light, as seen in his major work, Kauterskill Falls (1862).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.