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Gijón(hēhōn`), city (1990 pop. 264,948), Oviedo prov., N Spain, in Asturias, on the Bay of Biscay. This major seaport, the largest city in Asturias, is an industrial and commercial center. It has steel, iron, chemical, petroleum, glass, and food and tobacco industries. Of pre-Roman origin, Gijón was one of the first places recaptured from the Moors early in the 8th cent. The city flourished under the first Asturian kings. In 1588 the defeated Spanish Armada took refuge there. Of interest are Roman baths; 14th-, 15th-, and 16th-century palaces; a 15th-century church; and several 17th-century mansions. Colunga, on the coast to the east, has a significant dinosaur museum.
a city in northern Spain, in the province of Oviedo in Asturias Region. Population, 187,000 (1970). Gijón is a port on the Bay of Biscay. As of 1975, it handled 11.2 million tons of freight annually, with coal as the major cargo. Gijón is a center of ferrous metallurgy and shipbuilding. Other industries include the production of textiles, glass, ceramics, tobacco, food, and building materials. There is fishing in the area.