While Sahmirzadi has been viewed as a distinct variety of the Mazandarani language by certain scholars (Rastorgueva and Edel'man 1982: 450; Lecoq 1989: 490), Ethnologue (2017) classifies Sahmirzadi (with language identifier srz) as a subgroup of the Caspian Language family, distinct from both Gilaki
and Mazandarani, while Glottolog (2017, which treats all language varieties as "Languoids") classifies Caspian into Gilaki-Rudbari and Mazanderani-Shahmirzadi, and assigns shah 1253 as the code for Sahmirzadi.
Income opportunities vary from agri-tourism or bed and breakfast, to apiculture (bees and hive products), to aquaculture (catfish, paddlefish and shrimp), to Norooz celebration like Christmas and floral greens in other usages like local Gilaki
parades, to crafts materials of every description, to fence posts and fuelwood, to native fruits and nuts (e.g., pawpaw and persimmon, walnut and hazelnut), to game preserves and lease hunting, to high value timber such as paulownia and walnut, to maple syrup, to medicinal plants and mushrooms usable for culinary or medicinal purposes.
Esmaili says, "Titil, in the Gilaki
language [of the Caspian coast] means dragonfly, and since we wanted to go from place to place every day, Titil was a good choice as it constantly jumps from one place to another."
They are Azeris, Kurds, Lurs, Qashqai'is, Ahwazis, Arabs, Balouchis, Turkmens, Afsharis, Gilaki
It is an important and emerging technical tool for development of eco-friendly and reliable methodology for synthesis of nanoscale materials using biological sources (Gilaki
"A Study on the Usage of Persian and Gilaki
in Rasht." MA Dissertation.
There are a variety of Aash or the traditional type of soup with vegetables and meat stock such as, Aash-e-kalam, Aash-e-kadu, Aash-e gilaki
, Aash-e- aloo, torsh Aash etc.
Others include Persian, Azeri, Baluchi, Turkmen, Kurd, Gilaki
, Mazandarani, Armenian, Assyrian, and Jewish ethnic groups.
The entire Persian territory is surrounded by minorities; Azerbaijanis in northwest, Kurds on the west, Arabs on southeast, Gilaki
, Mazendaranis on the North, Turkmens and Kurdish enclaves in the northeast and Baluches in the southeast.
(5) Borrowing an adversative marker has been observed for other language pairs, such as the clause initial marker amma from Arabic in Dargi and other Caucasian languages, mentioned in Van den Berg (2004:204) and Jeschull (2004:262), and in three western Iranian languages, Vafsi, Persian and Gilaki
, mentioned in Stilo (2004: 272).
Languages (2008 est.): Persian 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki
and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%.
Iran's minorities also include Kurds on the western border, as well as Arabs, Gilaki
, Mazandarani, Baloch, Turkmen and some Christians.