Gilaki

Gilaki

 

a people of Iran who live along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Population, approximately 1.3 million (1970, estimate). They speak Gilaki, a western Iranian language, and their religion is Muslim-Shiah. The primary occupation of the Gilaki is farming, which in the coastal regions is supplemented by fishing and in the mountain areas by cattle raising and forestry.

REFERENCE

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1957.
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While Sahmirzadi has been viewed as a distinct variety of the Mazandarani language by certain scholars (Rastorgueva and Edel'man 1982: 450; Lecoq 1989: 490), Ethnologue (2017) classifies Sahmirzadi (with language identifier srz) as a subgroup of the Caspian Language family, distinct from both Gilaki and Mazandarani, while Glottolog (2017, which treats all language varieties as "Languoids") classifies Caspian into Gilaki-Rudbari and Mazanderani-Shahmirzadi, and assigns shah 1253 as the code for Sahmirzadi.
Income opportunities vary from agri-tourism or bed and breakfast, to apiculture (bees and hive products), to aquaculture (catfish, paddlefish and shrimp), to Norooz celebration like Christmas and floral greens in other usages like local Gilaki parades, to crafts materials of every description, to fence posts and fuelwood, to native fruits and nuts (e.g., pawpaw and persimmon, walnut and hazelnut), to game preserves and lease hunting, to high value timber such as paulownia and walnut, to maple syrup, to medicinal plants and mushrooms usable for culinary or medicinal purposes.
Esmaili says, "Titil, in the Gilaki language [of the Caspian coast] means dragonfly, and since we wanted to go from place to place every day, Titil was a good choice as it constantly jumps from one place to another."
They are Azeris, Kurds, Lurs, Qashqai'is, Ahwazis, Arabs, Balouchis, Turkmens, Afsharis, Gilaki and Mazandaranis.
It is an important and emerging technical tool for development of eco-friendly and reliable methodology for synthesis of nanoscale materials using biological sources (Gilaki, 2010).
There are a variety of Aash or the traditional type of soup with vegetables and meat stock such as, Aash-e-kalam, Aash-e-kadu, Aash-e gilaki, Aash-e- aloo, torsh Aash etc.
Others include Persian, Azeri, Baluchi, Turkmen, Kurd, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Armenian, Assyrian, and Jewish ethnic groups.
The entire Persian territory is surrounded by minorities; Azerbaijanis in northwest, Kurds on the west, Arabs on southeast, Gilaki, Mazendaranis on the North, Turkmens and Kurdish enclaves in the northeast and Baluches in the southeast.
(5) Borrowing an adversative marker has been observed for other language pairs, such as the clause initial marker amma from Arabic in Dargi and other Caucasian languages, mentioned in Van den Berg (2004:204) and Jeschull (2004:262), and in three western Iranian languages, Vafsi, Persian and Gilaki, mentioned in Stilo (2004: 272).
Languages (2008 est.): Persian 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%.
Iran's minorities also include Kurds on the western border, as well as Arabs, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Baloch, Turkmen and some Christians.