Gilbert Islands

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Gilbert Islands,

group of 16 islands, central Pacific, one of the island groups that form the Republic of KiribatiKiribati
, officially Republic of Kiribati (2015 est. pop. 112,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
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. The group includes TarawaTarawa
, atoll (1990 pop. 28,802), capital of Kiribati, central Pacific, previously capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The administrative center of the atoll is Bairiki island.
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, ButaritariButaritari
, also known as Makin , triangular atoll (4.5 sq mi/11.7 sq km; 1990 pop. 3,786), central Pacific, in the Gilbert Islands and part of the Republic of Kiribati. The town of Butaritari on the southernmost islet is a port of entry.
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, Makin, Little Makin, Marakei, Abaiang, Maiana, Abemama, Kuria, and Aranuka in the north; Nonouti and Tabiteuea in the central region; and Beru, Nikunau, Onotoa, Tamana, and Arorae in the south. The total land area is 102 sq mi (260 sq km). The equator runs through the center of the group. Nikunau was explored by British Commodore John ByronByron, John,
1723–86, British vice admiral and explorer. Sailing in 1740 with Admiral George Anson on a voyage around the world, he was shipwrecked off Chile. His Narrative of Great Distresses on the Shores of Patagonia
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 in 1765; other islands were explored by captains Thomas Gilbert and John Marshall in 1788, and the remainder were visited between 1799 and 1824. The British made the islands a protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915–16. Tarawa, Butaritari, Abaiang, Marakei, and Abemama were occupied by the Japanese in 1941 and liberated by U.S. forces in 1943.

Gilbert Islands

 

an island group in the western Pacific Ocean, in Micronesia (extending from 3°17’ N lat. to 2°38’ S lat.). They are part of the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. There are 16 coral atolls. Area, 260 sq km. Population, 44,000 (1968). The administrative center is Tarawa. The climate is equatorial, hot and humid, although the southern and sometimes the central islands are subject to drought. Natural vegetation consists of bushes. Coconut palms, vegetables, and fruits are raised. The Gilbert Islands were discovered by English naval officers between 1764 and 1824. They were named in honor of Captain J. Gilbert, who visited them in 1788.

References in periodicals archive ?
So Karnauskas and Cohen combined the global models with a fine-scale regional model that provided sharper details of what might happen in the future around the Gilbert Islands. To accommodate the trillions of calculations required to bring such small areas into clearer focus, they needed computing firepower.
Approximately 90% of the population of Kiribati lives on the atolls of the Gilbert Islands. Although the Line Islands are about 2,000 miles east of the Gilbert Islands, most inhabitants of the Line Islands are also Gilbertese.
By ferreting around a little in the archives of the Gilbert Islands, I discovered a few more respects in which Maugham had cleaved closely to the most literal truth.
There Gaimudaijin(Foreign Minister) Mamoru Shigemitsu and Taisho(General) Yoshijiro Umesu signed for the defeated Japan, which had lost nearly three million of its nationals and an entire empire stretching from Burma to the Gilbert Islands.
Among frontrunners for the title is Kiribati, formerly the British colony of the Gilbert Islands.
To Wilson's surprise, the president responded from Bairiki on Tarawa, biggest of 33 islands, once a British territory known as the Gilbert Islands. President Tabai promised to build him a hut on the beach.
Evans Fordyce Carlson, landed on Makin Island, at the northern end of the Gilbert Islands, with orders to destroy the radio station on the island.
Principal battles: TORCH (1942); Makin (Gilbert Islands) (1943); Kwajalein, Saipan, Tinian, Guam (1944).
The second Hiram Bingham became a missionary with his wife, Clarissa Brewster, to the Gilbert Islands. There he followed his father's example by adapting the local language to writing, preparing a dictionary, and translating the Bible and hymns.
Sheeks's first combat experience took place at Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands, which the 2nd Marine Division attacked on 1 November 1943.
24 that year along with more than 600 shipmates when an enemy torpedo sank the ship during the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. His body was lost at sea.
In 1974 the Ellice Islanders voted for separate British dependency status as Tuvalu, separating from the Gilbert Islands, which became Kiribati upon independence.