Gilbert Murray

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Murray, Gilbert

(George Gilbert Aimé Murray), 1866–1957, British classical scholar, b. Sydney, Australia. In 1908 Murray was appointed regius professor of Greek at Oxford. He is best known as a Greek scholar and especially as a translator of Greek drama. His translations were rendered in heroic rhymes to preserve the rhythm of the originals. Among his works are History of Ancient Greek Literature (1897), The Rise of the Greek Epic (1907), Euripides and His Age (1918), The Classical Tradition in Poetry (1927), and Hellenism and the Modern World (1953). Murray was active in the cause of world peace. He was chairman (1923–38) of the League of Nations Union and first president of the general council of the United Nations Association. He wrote several books about international politics, including Liberality and Civilization (1938).


See J. Smith and A. Toynbee, ed., Gilbert Murray: An Unfinished Autobiography (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Murray asserts that Liberals and Conservatives hold similar ideals: see his "National Ideals: Conscious and Unconscious," in Gilbert Murray, Essays and Addresses (London: Allen & Unwin, 1921), 160-82 (171-73).
5) Gilbert Murray, "The Bacchae in Relation to Certain Currents of Thought in the Fifth Century" in Essays and Addresses, 56-87 (85).
Edith Hall and Fiona Macintosh, Greek Tragedy and the British Theatre, 1660-1914 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 510-11; Duncan Wilson, Gilbert Murray OM, 1866-1957 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987), 201-2.
18) Martin Ceadel, "Gilbert Murray and International Politics," in Gilbert Murray Reassessed, 217-37 (224), claims that both appeared in the Oxford University Press Oxford Pamphlets series of 1914.
19) Gilbert Murray, The Foreign Policy of Sir Edward Grey, 1906-1915 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1915).
20) Gilbert Murray, The League of Nations and the Democratic Idea (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1918), 28, quoted in Ceadel, "Gilbert Murray and International Politics," 229.
21) Gilbert Murray, "Aristophanes and the War Party," in Essays and Addresses, 31-55, delivered 7 November 1918 as the Creighton Lecture at the London School of Economics.
24) Quoted in Sybil Thorndike and Lewis Casson, "The Theatre and Gilbert Murray," in Gilbert Murray: An Unfinished Autobiography, 149-75 (163 n.
40) Gilbert Murray, "What Is Permanent in Positivism," in Stoic, Christian and Humanist (Lon don: Allen & Unwin, 1940), 151-89 (185-86), quoting Comte quoting Pliny, Natural History, 2.
41) Gilbert Murray, Aeschylus: The Creator of Tragedy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940), 196.
42) Gilbert Murray, "The Soul as It Is, and How to Deal with It," in Essays and Addresses, 14259(159).
44) Gilbert Murray, The Rise of the Greek Epic, 4th ed.