Gilbert Ryle

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Ryle, Gilbert,

1900–1976, British philosopher. A graduate of Oxford, he became a tutor at Christ Church, Oxford, and later was Waynflete professor of metaphysical philosophy (1945–68) there. From 1947 to 1971 he was editor of the philosophical journal Mind. Like Ludwig WittgensteinWittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann
, 1889–1951, Austrian philosopher, b. Vienna. Life

Originally trained as an engineer, Wittgenstein turned to philosophy, went to Cambridge, where he studied (1912–13) with Bertrand Russell, and further developed his
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, Ryle was concerned with problems caused by the confusion of grammatical with logical distinctions. He pointed out the so-called category mistake, in which, usually because of a grammatical equivalence, two things are mistakenly treated as belonging to equivalent logical categories. In his Concept of Mind (1949), Ryle argued that the mind is not a nonphysical substance residing in the body, "a ghost in a machine," but a set of capacities and abilities belonging to the body. All references to the mental must be understood, at least theoretically, in terms of witnessable activities. His other works include Dilemmas (1954), Plato's Progress (1966), and Collected Papers (2 vol., 1971).


See G. Pitcher and O. Wood, ed., Ryle (1971).

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in philosophy from Harvard University in 1963 and, two years later, received his doctorate in philosophy under the guidance of the philosopher Gilbert Ryle at Oxford University.
Indeed if the legend is true that Gilbert Ryle recommended Aristotle's Topics as the one text that every philosopher should read (since it's a guide to good reasoning and clear understanding, including an understanding of definitions), then Charles' edition of Definition in Greek Philosophy is a worthwhile commentary, for the scope of its coverage and penetration of those topics.
It examines arguments that have been advanced for these approaches by Gilbert Ryle, Jerry Fodor, and Richard Rorty, and claims that none of these arguments are convincing.
Then he traces the concept's history from the ancients through the medievals and early moderns to Kant; from Hegel to Dewey and Bertrand Russell, and finally to Gilbert Ryle on mind and free will perplex.
The renowned philosopher Gilbert Ryle once told of a visitor to Oxford who, after seeing all the buildings, was disappointed because he had wanted to see the "university" Just as there is no "university" other than the buildings, people and their interactions, likewise there is no "mind" or "consciousness" other than the brain's various constituent parts and their interactions.