Gilbert de la Porrée

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Gilbert de la Porrée

(zhēlbĕr` də lä pôrā`), 1076–1154, French scholastic philosopher, b. Poitiers. He taught for 20 years at Chartres, where he was for some time chancellor. He later lectured at Paris. In 1142 he was made bishop of Poitiers. He was twice accused of heresy. Gilbert's works—De sex principiis, an elucidation of Aristotle's last six categories, and his commentary on the De trinitate ascribed to Boethius—reveal his somewhat obscure position in scholastic realism, to which he adhered in a moderated form.


See his Commentaries on Boethius ed. by N. M. Häring (1966); study by M. E. Williams (1951).

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His stages include the metaphysical system of Scotus Eriugena, realist theories in the 11th-12th centuries, the nominal stance: Garland the computist and Abelard's Literal Glosses, Walter of Mortagne and the identity theory, the De Generibus et Speciebus and the theory of collectio, Abelard's position on Porphyry, and Gilbert of Poitiers. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
Nederman compare the trials of Peter Abelard and Gilbert of Poitiers, both of whom were vehemently pursued by Bernard, the powerful abbot of Clairvaux.
Of particular interest is the ongoing attention paid to the distinction between person and property, a distinction made problematic by Gilbert of Poitiers's position that divinity is distinct from God.
The six essays in the volume before us, the seventh volume, show how medieval thinkers like Gilbert of Poitiers, Scotus, Aquinas, Cajetan, and Buridan employ Aristotelian logic and semantic theories (that is, their understanding of "how concepts latch onto reality") to a variety of theological and philosophical problems including the doctrine of the Trinity and the dispute over the real distinction between essence and existence.
On the other hand, Vacarius's works "lack the polish, the precise application and citation of authorities, and the systematic comprehensiveness of a Gilbert of Poitiers or a Robert of Melun; nevertheless they contain an element of practical pastoral immediacy" (211-212).
Of especial interest is the evidence presented by Pick to show how Rodrigo and others in Toledo developed a school of thought that owed much to the thinking of Gilbert of Poitiers and those who built on his theological ideas, the so-called Porretani, in particular Alan of Lille.
Nielsen, "Peter Abelard and Gilbert of Poitiers"; Emero Stiegman, "Bernard of Clairvaux, William of St.
His opposition to Abelard and Gilbert of Poitiers (among others) was predicated upon the fear of questions and a commitment to maintaining simplistic faith.
Cloth, $65.00--Paul Thorn has selected Augustine, Boethius, Abelard, Gilbert of Poitiers, Peter Lombard, Bonaventure, Albert the Great, Aquinas, Scotus and Ockham whose Trinitarian treatises he examines, explains and submits to logical analysis.
The lack of manuscript study is most troublesome when he arrives at the three weighty twelfth-century monuments, the Glossa Ordinaria, the "media glosatura" of Gilbert of Poitiers, and the "magna glosatura" of Peter Lombard, all of which lack modern editions.
Composed in the 1150s, they were compiled towards the end of a great period of debate, discussion and controversy in the schools, when masters like Peter Abelard, Hugh of St Victor and Gilbert of Poitiers were analysing a wide range of theological questions in a rational and systematic way.
Clarembald asks Odo's help as an honest and rigorous editor and explains the impetus for composing his gloss: after launching a spirited defense of Boethius against the charge of paganism, Clarembald was prevailed upon to produce his own gloss on Boethius' De Trinitate, in part to provide a more accessible alternative to Gilbert of Poitiers's gloss, which suffered from an impenetrable style and questionable orthodoxy.