blastomycosis(redirected from Gilchrist disease)
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blastomycosis:see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals
Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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a chronic disease of the skin and internal organs in animals, caused by a yeastlike microscopic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. The natural reservoir of the fungus is soil. The animals mainly affected are dogs. Most susceptible to experimental infection are horses, sheep, guinea pigs, and hamsters. Diseased animals that discharge the fungus with mucus, in urine, and with the exudates in skin infection are the source of infection. Infection apparently occurs through injured skin or respiratory passages. Treatment has not been developed. Diseased animals are killed in order to prevent infection of humans.