Giovanni Battista Morgagni


Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

Morgagni, Giovanni Battista

(jōvän`nē bät–tēs`tä mōrgä`nyē), 1682–1771, Italian anatomist, called the founder of pathologic anatomy. He was professor of anatomy at Padua for 56 years. A meticulous observer and recorder, he contributed classical descriptions of anatomical parts (many of which are named for him), collected case histories, and carried out exhaustive postmortem examinations, as a result of which he discovered many relationships between diseases and physiological changes.

Morgagni, Giovanni Battista

 

Born Feb. 25, 1682, in Forli; died Dec. 5, 1771, in Padua. Italian physician and anatomist.

In 1706, Morgagni became a professor of practical medicine at the University of Bologna; in 1711 he went to teach at the University of Padua. As a result of his numerous observations and the data obtained from the dissection of human cadavers, Morgagni published his classic work The Seats and Causes of Disease Investigated by Anatomy (1761, vols. 1—2), in which he laid the foundation for pathological anatomy as an independent medical science. This work was of great significance for the development of clinical medicine and for the clarification of the pathogenesis and symptomatology of a number of diseases.

Morgagni’s contributions to anatomy included the first description of such anatomical formations in humans as the rectal columns (folds in the rectal mucosa), the laryngeal sinuses (depressions on the lateral walls of the larynx), and the appendices testes and the appendices vesiculosi epoophori; all these anatomical parts are named after him.

Morgagni was the author of several works on physiology and archaeology.

REFERENCE

Zabludovskii, P. E. “Dva veka patologicheskoi anatomii: K 200-letiiu vykhoda knigi Dzh. B. Morgan’i.” Klinicheskaia meditsina, 1962, no. 4.

P. E. ZABLUDOVSKI

References in periodicals archive ?
Giovanni Battista Morgagni (Figura 1), a quien el claustro de estudiantes alemanes de la Universidad de Padua le otorgara el titulo de "Anatomicorum totios Europae princeps", nacio en Forli, Italia el 25 de febrero de 1682.
En 1771, despues de una larga y fecunda vida, plena de gloria y reconocimientos, Giovanni Battista Morgagni fallece el 6 de diciembre en Padua a los 79 anos de edad (4,5).
Giovanni Battista Morgagni and the foundation of modern medicine.
Hernia of Morgagni was first described by Giovanni Battista Morgagni, an Italian anatomist and pathologist in 1769, while performing a postmortem examination on a patient who died of a head injury.
Giovanni Battista Morgagni, the great Italian anatomist, collated a prodigious clinical experience in the Seats and Causes of Disease in 1761 when he was 79 years of age (Morgagni 1769).