Giovanni Battista Pergolesi


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Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista

 

(real surname Draghi; pseudonym derived from the name of the city of the family’s origin). Born Jan. 4, 1710, in Jesi, near Ancona; died Mar. 17, 1736, in Pozzuoli, near Naples. Italian composer and representative of the Neapolitan school of opera.

Pergolesi’s first opera, Salustia, was staged in Naples in 1731. Pergolesi wrote opere serie, oratorios, and comic intermezzi, which were staged between the acts of opere serie. These intermezzi were subsequently performed independently as comic operas. In 1733, Pergolesi wrote the intermezzo La serva padrona for II prigioner superbo, an opera seria. La serva padrona was one of the first opere buffe and is still one of the best. Pergolesi also composed trio sonatas, operatic overtures, and other works, all of which anticipated the sudden stylistic changes that took place in Italian art in the mid-18th century. His religious work Stabat Mater (1735) is widely known.

WORKS

Recente è l’edizione dell’Opera omnia, vols. 1–25 [26–27], Rome, 1936— 42.

REFERENCES

Materialy i dokumenty po istorii muzyki, vol. 2. Edited by M. V. Ivanov-Boretskii. Moscow, 1934.
Della Corte, A. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi. Turin, 1936.
Margadonna, M. Pergolesi. [Milan, 1961.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Bocelli's hits include "Because We Believe," "Time to Say Goodbye," "Cantico," and "The Prayer." Sinatra is widely known for "Strangers of the Night," "My Way," "Fly Me to the Moon," and "Moon River." "La Serva Padrona" is an iconic Italian opera composed by Italian composer Giovanni Battista Pergolesi. It was performed for the first time in 1733.
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The original Latin text has been set to music by numerous composers, including Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Gioachino Rossini, Karol Szymanowski, Giuseppe Verdi, Ferenc Liszt, Krzysztof Penderecki and others.
JUNCTION CITY - Cascadia Concert Opera's last performance for 2015 will be "La Serva Padrona," an Italian comic opera by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi - but sung in English.
Similarly, Pulcinella is a stage work composed by Stravinsky in 1919-20, reworking music by and attributed to Giovanni Battista Pergolesi; it was staged with choreography by Leonid Massine and designs by Pablo Picasso.
Written in the last weeks of Giovanni Battista Pergolesi's tragically short life (he died in 1736 at the age of 26), this deeply-felt work became the most popular sacred vocal masterpiece of the 18th Century.
The Bach Handbuch also covers a number of "new" Bach topics, such as the Neumeister Chorales discovered by Christoph Wolff in 1985; the small pedagogical clavier works, which have only recently gained special attention for their role in Bach's teaching; and the church-cantata writing of the final years, which is currently undergoing a reassessment in light of Bach's collegium musicum activities and his late interest in the music of Giovanni Battista Pergolesi. (Bach reworked Pergolesi's Stabat Mater as a German-texted church work, Tilge, Hochter, meine Sunden, and he may also have been familiar with Pergolesi's Salve Regina.) It is good to have detailed summaries of these subjects, which have taken hold in Bach research only in recent years.
(The eighteenth-century compositions were long thought to be by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi but are now identified as the work of Unico Wilhelm Graf van Wassenaer.) What we get in terms of ballet spectacle is a chill display from a large cast--two leading couples, three semiprominent men and six women, plus a general ensemble of six more men and six more women.
That's the story in "La Serva Padrona" by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, which will be presented for free by the Cascadia Concert Opera at 2 p.m.