Giovanni Pascoli


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Pascoli, Giovanni

 

Born Dec. 31, 1855, in San Mauro, in the region of Romagna; died Apr. 6, 1912, in Bologna. Italian poet.

As a young man, Pascoli was attracted to socialism, but he soon abandoned politics. In 1906 he occupied the chair of Italian literature at the University of Bologna. Such collections as Tamarisks (1891), Songs of Castelvecchio (1903), and First Poems (1904) crystallized Pascoli’s chief traits as an artist: a poeticizing of everyday life, new impressionistic rhythms, a vivid awareness of nature, and direct expression of feeling. Many of his poems appealed for “Christian socialism” and for the brotherhood of man in the face of an impending war. Pascoli’s attempts to retreat from reality into a world of memories often led him to introduce decadent motifs and obscure symbolism into his work. In Songs of King Enzio (1908) and Italian Poems (1911) he celebrated Italian history.

WORKS

Poemi conviviali, 2nd ed. Bologna, 1910.
Poesie. Milan [1940].

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “Dzhovanni Pascoli.” Sobr. soch., vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Croce, B. “Giovanni Pascoli.” In La letteratura italiana, vol. 4. Bari, 1960.
Sozzi, G. G. Pascoli, nella vita, nell’arte e nella storia della critica. Florence, 1967.
Cecchi, E. La poesía di G. Pascoli. [Milan] 1968.
Materiali critici per G. Pascoli. Rome, 1971.

Z. M. POTAPOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Durando was a member of the Mazzini Verde Club as well as a founder of the Giovanni Pascoli Benevolent Society of Chicago.
Among their topics are from Earthly Venus to Heavenly Venus: on the evolution of the concept of beauty in Girolamo Benivieni, the "true form"of beauty: poetry and portraits from Petrarch to the 16th century, words for beauty: Giuseppe Parini between ideal cities and the decadence of the world, Fosca and her sisters: origins and hypostases of the "Medusean Beauty" in the narrative of Scapigliatura, and Paradise saved and lost of Fin de Siecle aesthetics: Matelda and Mariana in the works of Giovanni Pascoli. (Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
However, he brings into light the importance of canonical literary figures, such as Ippolito Nievo, Giovanni Pascoli, and Enrico Corradini, in the "cultural construction" of Italy.
Over the years, he said, their contents have attracted director Luchino Visconti; actor Marcello Mastroianni; poet Giovanni Pascoli; Giuseppe Mazzini, a leading activist for the unification of Italy; countless royals and Lucca's most famous local son, composer Giacomo Puccini.
The Microcosmic Fantasy was a product of changing attitudes toward children and childhood, in part inspired by Giovanni Pascoli's view of the regenerative, emancipatory role of the child in society, as expressed in his II Fanciullino.
If, as I mentioned, Italy's largest export for many years after Unification was "cut-rate arms" (or cheap human labor), as renowned poet and proponent of Italy's "proletarian" colonization of Africa Giovanni Pascoli memorably quipped, early cinema certainly stood to become a more esteemed Italian export.
Also, Myers traces the principal literary influence in these texts to the concept of il fanciullino [the little child] theorized by the Italian poet, Giovanni Pascoli, who posited the child as prophet and redeemer of Italian society.
As in her earlier collections, Vollmer pays homage to beloved artists, including the Italian writers Giovanni Pascoli, Giacomo Leopardi, and Cesare Pavese, and the filmmaker Pier Pasolini.
Includes Corrado Alvaro, Daria Menicanti, Mariella Bettarini, Eugenio Montale, Virginio Bettini, Giuseppe Moretti, Giuseppe Bonaviri, Giorgio Nebbia, Italo Calvino, Luciana Notari, Dino Campana, Anna Maria Ortese, Carlo Cassola, Giovanni Pascoli, Antonio Cederna, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Gianni Celati, Fulco Pratesi, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Salvatore Quasimodo, Laura Conti, Nuto Revelli, Giuseppe Dessi, Monica Sarsini, Danilo Dolci, Massimo Scalia, Corrado Govoni, Carlo Sgorlon, Tonino Guerra, Ignazio Silone, Jolanda Insana, Mario Rigoni Stern, Carlo Levi, Studio Azzurro, Nicola Licciardello, Alfredo Todisco, Loredana Lucarini, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Gianna Manzini, Andrea Zanzotto, and Gianni Mattioli.
Truglio (Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese; Pennsylvania State U.) traces the influence of a little-studied Gothic-like movement in northern Italy on the lyrics of Giovanni Pascoli (1855-1912), offers new readings of his work in light of Freud's articulation of the uncanny, and compares late 19th-century Italian literature and Freudian psychoanalysis.