Giovanni de' Medici

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Medici, Giovanni de',

1475–1521: see Leo XLeo X,
1475–1521, pope (1513–21), a Florentine named Giovanni de' Medici; successor of Julius II. He was the son of Lorenzo de' Medici, was made a cardinal in his boyhood, and was head of his family before he was 30 (see Medici).
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Medici, Giovanni de',


Giovanni delle Bande Nere

(jōvän`nē dĕl`lā bän`dā nā`rā) [Ital.,=of the black bands], 1498–1526, Italian condottiere; great-grandson of Lorenzo de' Medici (d. 1440, brother of Cosimo de' MediciMedici, Cosimo de'
, 1389–1464, Italian merchant prince, first of the Medici family to rule Florence. He is often called Cosimo the Elder. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo and his family were banished (1433) from Florence by a faction
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, 1389–1464). The son of Caterina Sforza (see under SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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, family), he was trained from childhood for the military life, and in 1516 his relative Pope Leo XLeo X,
1475–1521, pope (1513–21), a Florentine named Giovanni de' Medici; successor of Julius II. He was the son of Lorenzo de' Medici, was made a cardinal in his boyhood, and was head of his family before he was 30 (see Medici).
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 gave him command of a troop. He soon won great reputation as a military leader. His nickname was probably acquired because of the black stripes of mourning on his banners after the death (1521) of Leo X. In the Italian Wars, Giovanni fought (1521–22) in N Italy for the pope, on the side of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, against Francis I of France. He later changed sides, however, and fought with Francis in the battle of Pavia (1525), where he was severely wounded. In 1526 he again sided with Francis, fighting for the League of Cognac. He died of a wound received in battle. Giovanni delle Bande Nere possessed great courage and tactical ability. His hold over his men was remarkable, and his corps remained together long after his death. His wife, Maria Salviati, was a granddaughter of Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo il Magnifico), and his son became grand duke of Tuscany as Cosimo I de' MediciMedici, Cosimo I de',
1519–74, duke of Florence (1537–69), grand duke of Tuscany (1569–74); son of Giovanni de' Medici (Giovanni delle Bande Nere). In 1537, Lorenzino de' Medici murdered Cosimo's predecessor, Alessandro de' Medici, and fled from Florence,
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References in periodicals archive ?
John the Baptist, Innocent VIII (1484-92, Giovanni Battista Cybo), had served as the precursor of the Medici ecclesiastical dynasty, initiating it on the highest level by raising to the cardinalate the brother (Giovanni de' Medici) of his daughter-in-law, Maddalena de' Medici Cybo (1473-1519).
1175-1275) in the Stanza della Segnatura (1508-11), the pope (with the features of Julius II) is seated on a raised throne but without cloth of honor or canopy, wears a tiara and pluviale (ornate cope), and is flanked by two cardinal assistants (with the faces of Giovanni de' Medici and Alessandro Farnese) and numerous attendants.
* Aldieri [=Alterio] di Carlo Aldighieri Biliotti Tornabelli (canon 1509-28): apostolic prorhonotary of cardinal Giovanni de' Medici; familiar, domestic prelate, and majordomo of Leo X; (18)
On the left is a small gathering of spectators among which, standing behind some angels, is Giovanni de' Medici portrayed as Leo X.
In the years leading up to 1516, the memory of these losses and threats, with which Giovanni de' Medici had been associated as papal legate in Bologna during the last years of Julius's reign, were still fresh.
In late November of 1526, Giovanni de' Medici, Clement VII's cousin and commander of the famous "Black Bands," died of wounds from a battle in which he was trying to stop the Landsknechts and Spaniards from joining forces near the Po.
He said that the place from which emerged the famous champion Giovanni de' Medici, father of the great Cosimo who, having been the most fortunate founder of the most florid Tuscan monarchy, from which Italy now receives splendor and singular ornament, for all the centuries to come, was highly worthy of being seen by all and merited glorious, immortal fame.
Bibbiena was a loyal Medici supporter who had, in fact, followed the family into exile in 1494 and, after Piero's death in 1503, served Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici as secretary.
Hoping to return to Florence as an academic or secretary, Filelfo dedicated an emended version of the Sforziad to Piero de' Medici and wrote a letter to another of Cosimo's children, Giovanni de' Medici, explaining that he had never felt any ill-will towards the Medici.
The statue inspired a Latin poem by an admiring Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici (the future Pope Leo X) and numerous copies in various media, including Raphael's drawing and the Raimondi print.(66) The sculpture was almost certainly known to Lotto, who was resident in Rome in 1509.
She sheds light on the close connection with Florence in this period, especially in terms of the cultural mediation of Giovanni de' Medici; indeed, Filarete's rivals were not only Lombards, with Giovanni, for example, sponsoring Bernardo Rossellino, fresh from his achievements as papal architect.
Of the four appendices, the first includes dedications (original and French translation) found in two of the manuscripts containing the Hymni (to Lorenzo de' Medici and Giovanni de' Medici, respectively); the third - two letters by Beathus Rhenanus published in the 1529 Parisian edition of the Hymni; the fourth is a list of several grammatical peculiarities found in the Hymni.