blocks the phloem flow, making it more nutritive for offspring and future colonizers.
Khandaker et al. reported that the V-shape girdling
exhibited the lowest bud abscission number, averaging about 10% followed by C-shape girdling
, 50% stress, 100% stress and I-shape girdling
with percentage of bud drop 16, 30, 30 and 36%, respectively (Figure 9 & 10).
While we examined and measured the pines in late winter/early spring, we observed a great amount of fresh girdling
activity, leading us to hypothesize that pine bark was providing a source of nutrition at a time of year when rodent density was relatively high and the quality of their principal food, monocots, was likely to be poor.
and oviposition biology of Oncideres pustulatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on Acacia farnesiana.
Days after girdling
Treatment 0-5 ([dagger]) 6-10 11-15 flowers per node [d.sup.-1] ([double dagger]) Exp.
These included Spearman's rank correlations for interval-interval or interval-ordinal variable comparisons such as the girdling
index to pellet group counts, and the girdling
index to aspect (an ordinal variable with 8 levels).
treatment was not always successful resulting in a variable number of girdled plants per treatment.
refers to the process of peeling off the bark of a tree trunk to prevent it from sharing nutrients.
* Potbound roots are in danger of "girdling
"--encircling the inside of the pot.
is a process of removing bark around the tree trunk to block nutrients collected by its leaves from reaching its root system.
The beetle larvae tunnel beneath the bark, their galleries eventually girdling
and killing branches.
of the trees had outraged environmental groups, which petitioned an Urdaneta City court for an environmental protection order covering the 770 trees.