Girolamo Frescobaldi


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Frescobaldi, Girolamo

 

Baptized circa Sept. 19, 1583, in Ferrara; died Mar. 1, 1643, in Rome. Italian composer and organist.

Frescobaldi, who gave concerts in various countries of Europe, was appointed organist at St. Peter’s in Rome in 1608. He composed numerous works for organ (fantasies, toccatas, canzoni, and ricercari), harpsichord (preludes, fugues, and partitas), and voice. Frescobaldi enriched the organ repertoire and laid the foundations for free polyphony by defining a new approach to the use of melody and developing the fugue. The founder of the Italian school of the organ, he was later referred to as the Italian Bach. Frescobaldi, whose students included the German organist J. J. Froberger, influenced succeeding generations of organists.

REFERENCES

Druskin, M. Klavirnaia muzyka. Leningrad, 1960.
Berenzi, A. Per G. Frescobaldi nel terzo centenario. Cremona, 1908.
Machabey, A. Frescobaldi Ferrarensis (1583–1643). Paris, 1952.

I. A. MEDVEDEVA

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Taking us on "a captivating journey with music from 16th and 17th century Spain and Italy entitled Fantasia Mediterranea", Catalina will be performing works by composers including Antonio Valente, Marchetto Cara, Antonio de CabezEn, Joan Ambrosio Dalza, Marc'Antonio Cavazzoni, Girolamo Frescobaldi, Bernardo Pasquini and Domenico Scarlatti.
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And this was not just a matter of Palestrina's style but of the expressive language, colourful combinations of distant chords and chromatic treatment of voices typical of mannerism and often, for example, of Girolamo Frescobaldi. It is no accident that among the many pieces that Zelenka transcribed and brought to Dresden was Frescobaldi's collection Fiori musicali, and no accident that in the 1730s he parodied ricercares in unusually melodically and harmonically intense ways, giving them a text and instrumentalising them for choir and orchestra.
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Frederick Hammond's book on Barbarini patronage is as painstakingly researched as his lengthy and well-known studies on Girolamo Frescobaldi, a Roman composer whose last decade was spent in the orbit of Pope Urban VIII and his nephews.
The concert, which will take place at the Church of Saint Mary of the Graces in Larnaca, will feature works from five centuries of Italian organ music, including pieces by Girolamo Frescobaldi, Antonio Vivaldi, Giovanni Morandi and Lorenzo Perosi.
Jean-Philippe Rameau, Francois Couperin, Louis Couperin, Jacques Duphly, Jacques Chambonnieres, and Girolamo Frescobaldi are included, but only with listings of published editions; there is no description of any of their individual keyboard pieces.