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Gironde(zhērôNd`), department (1990 pop. 1,223,600), SW France, on the Bay of Biscay. BordeauxBordeaux
, city (1990 pop. 213,274), capital of Gironde dept., SW France, on the Garonne River. Bordeaux is a major economic and cultural center, and a busy port accessible to oceangoing ships from the Atlantic through the Gironde River.
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Gironde,estuary, c.45 mi (70 km) long and from 2 to 7 mi (3.2–11.3 km) wide, formed by the Garonne and Dordogne rivers, which join c.14 mi (23 km) N of Bordeaux. Sand banks and a high tidal range hamper navigation; oceangoing vessels ascend to Bordeaux and Libourne. The Bordeaux industrial region extends along the Gironde's southern coast. Located between the Médoc and the Cotes vineyards, the Gironde is the great artery of the Bordeaux wine region.
1. a department of SW France, in Aquitaine region. Capital: Bordeaux. Pop.: 1 330 683 (2003 est.). Area: 10 726 sq. km (4183 sq. miles)
2. an estuary in SW France, formed by the confluence of the Rivers Garonne and Dordogne. Length: 72 km (45 miles)