Giuseppe Ferrari

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ferrari, Giuseppe


Born Mar. 7, 1811, in Milan; died July 2, 1876, in Rome. Italian revolutionary democrat and writer.

Ferrari lived in France intermittently from 1838 to 1859. His articles between 1845 and 1848, published in French journals, were sharply critical of the neo-Guelfic positions of the Italian liberals—namely, their advocacy of an alliance between the national liberation movement and the Catholic Church and the establishment of a federation of Italian states to be headed by the pope. Ferrari advocated revolution as the means to Italian redemption; however, on the assumption that a united Italy was still in the distant future, he called for local revolutions and the proclamation of a republic in each of the various states, to be followed by the establishment of a federation of Italian states.

After the defeat of the Revolution of 1848–49, Ferrari joined the Italian democrats’ polemical discussions and advanced his idea of an Italian national revolution. He held that the revolution must be social as well as political and that it must have the means to carry out a progressive agrarian law and liberate the Italian people from oppression in any form. Ferrari called for revolution in the name of socialism—which he interpreted, however, in the spirit of the social utopias of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1851, Ferrari tried to organize the left democrats into a party with a more radical orientation than the national committee of G. Mazzini.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The number of exorcisms has definitely increased over the years, as the requests to carry out exorcisms has increased," said Professor Giuseppe Ferrari, an organizer of the "Course on Exorcism and the Prayer of Liberation" at the Vatican-approved Pontifical Regina Apostolorum University in Rome.
Kogo discusses Lorenzo Tardo's views on the early existence of the ison and the character of these repertoires, and, following Giuseppe Ferrari, clearly differentiates the "oral chanting of the Italo-Albanians" from the "Byzantine art music of the great cathedrals" (p.
That is cause for concern in the church, says Giuseppe Ferrari, head of Italian occult watchdog The Group on Research and Socio-Religious Information.
Session 3 will include the following presentations: "Results of a trial of nitrogen tire inflation in a long haul trucking fleet," Konrad Mech, Drexan; "Automated tire inflation systems for commercial vehicles," Al Cohn, Pressure Systems International; "Forging ahead--new technologies in the tire industry's ever-changing environment," Hiroshi Mouri, Bridgestone Firestone North American Tire LLC; "The rebirth of passenger retreading," Jeff Barlow, Green Diamond Tire; and "A view of the future of tire retreading," Giuseppe Ferrari, Marangoni Retreading Systems.
Alessandro Savorelli exhaustively analyzes Giuseppe Ferrari's treatment of Renaissance thinkers as precursors to the modern philosophy of Descartes in his little-known treatise Discours sur l'histoire de la philosophie a l'epoque de la Renaissance (1842).
Berresford's first chapter demonstrates the influence of Canova, and in particular his monument to Maria Christina of Austria, by illustrating the lexicon followed by such neoclassical sculptors as Gaetano Matteo Monti, Giacomo de Maria and Giuseppe Ferrari. In the first half of the century, this vocabulary was applied to mausolea in the Carthusian cemeteries of Bologna and Ferrara and the Vantiniano in Brescia, on which Berresford subsequently offers enlightening historical digressions.
A somewhat surprising addition to this threesome, a d'Artagnan galloping up from behind on his yellow pony, is the political historian Giuseppe Ferrari whom Baudelaire, in his obituary article on Delacroix, describes as the "subtil et savant auteur de l'Histoire de la raison d'Etat." Howells's chapter on this all but forgotten figure is original and well-documented.
Mario Schiattone, an Italian philosopher and member of the Research Group on Utopia at the University of Lecce, in his book Alle Origini del Federalismo Italiano, looks at the political project of the radical member of the Italian Risorgimento, Giuseppe Ferrari, as an example of a type of utopia that finds its very meaning and possibility in the historical process that leads humankind to freedom and social justice.
Schiattone's book focuses on the ideology of one member of this latter group of radical democrats, Giuseppe Ferrari. Schiattone explores one important aspect of the Risorgimento which is often overlooked in the historiography of that period: the fact that the Italian Risorgimento carried with it much more than national independence, unification, and political modernization.