In particular, the intense activity of collecting, studying, and anthologizing folk material in the last decades of the Ottocento (by Giuseppe Pitre
, Laura Gonzenbach, Vittorio Imbriani, Gherardo Nerucci, and many more) provided a huge treasure house of primary materials that were used by authors like Luigi Capuana, Emma Perodi, and others in their creative revisions of fairy tales and other fantastic narratives.
Because the voice of Calvino reverberates in his translated tales, he engages in a written conversation with both past storytellers (such as Agatuzza Messia, Giuseppe Pitre
, Luisa Ginanni and Gherardo Nerucci) and his audience.
Beginning in 1860, Vittorio Imbriani, Alessandro D'Ancona, Giuseppe Pitre, and other scholars published various collections of songs and stories from Tuscany, Piedmont, Sicily, and other regions, transcribed in dialect with historical and conservational intent.
The forward to the first edition of "Archivio per lo Studio delle Tradizioni Popolari," in 1882, included a letter to Giuseppe Pitre from Max Muller, in which the German defines a scientific method of folklore research: "la novella dovrebbe darsi, per quanto e possibile, colle ipissima verba del narratore.
This was also the approach sustained by Giuseppe Pitre, Alessandro D'Ancona, and Giuseppe Ferraro, for whose collection Domenico Comparetti was the editor.
In a letter to Giuseppe Pitre from April 24, 1870, the philologist reasoned:
In a letter to Giuseppe Pitre from January 1, 1873, anticipating the publication of the Novelline, Comparetti wrote: "Questa raccolta di Novelline Italiane e compita [sic] con uno scopo e con un metodo speciale che deve distinguerla dalle raccolte parziali di Novelline lombarde, venete, sicule, ecc.
Comparetti wrote to Giuseppe Pitre on April 24, 1870: "naturalmente [.
For over a century, puppet theater existed as a matter of fact throughout the island and was not the object of study, with the important exception of the Sicilian ethnographer Giuseppe Pitre
, who documented many forms of popular culture.