Giuseppe Ungaretti

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ungaretti, Giuseppe


Born Feb. 10, 1888, in Alexandria, Egypt; died June 1, 1970, in Milan. Italian poet.

Ungaretti studied in Paris for a short period beginning in 1912 and became friends with G. Apollinaire, P. Valéry, and the Italian futurists. From 1915 to 1918, Ungaretti fought in World War I. His work first appeared in 1915; in 1916 he published the collection The Buried Port, which became the core of the collection The Merriment of Shipwrecks (1919). Ungaretti published an expanded version of this second collection in 1931 and 1936 under the title of Merriment.

The principal themes of Ungaretti’s work are loneliness, the tragic quality of life, and man’s need for human contact. His poetry is characterized by laconic phrasing, a rejection of rhyme, the association of images, and great simplicity of language. Ungaretti was one of the founders of the hermetic school of poetry. During the 1930’s, the pessimistic motifs in his verse came to the fore in the collection A Feeling of Time (1933). In the cycle Occupied Rome (1943–44), the poet voiced the feelings of the entire people in poems such as “Stop Killing the Dead,” which is dedicated to the heroes of the resistance movement. The collection Sorrow (1947) reflected a crisis in Ungaretti’s poetry. Elements of “unpoetic reality” appeared in his late poems.

Ungaretti became chairman of the European Community of Writers in 1962.


Vita d’un uomo: Tutte le poesie. [Milan-Verona, 1969.]
In Russian translation:
[“Stikhi.”] In Iz Ital’ianskikh poetov. Foreword by A. Surkov. Moscow, 1958.
[“Stikhi.”] In Ital’ianskaia lirika: XX vek. Foreword by A. Surkov. Moscow, 1958.


Potapova, Z. M. “Soprotivlenie i sud’by ital’ianskoi literatury.” In Literatura antifashistskogo Soprotivleniia v stranakh Evropy, 1939–1945. Moscow, 1972.
Portinari, F. G. Ungaretti. Turin [1967]. (Contains bibliography.)
Piccioni, L. Vita di un poeta G. Ungaretti [Milan, 1970.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Los libros publicados por Igitur han sido ese lugar al que muchas veces hemos ido, con la sensacion del sediento que busca el manantial, para leer las grandes voces de la poesia del siglo XX, desde Giuseppe Ungaretti y Eugenio Montale hasta Osip Mandelstam y Philippe Jaccottet, desde Hermann Broch y Alexander Blok, hasta Wislawa Szymborska.
In the closing of a brief prose to remember Giuseppe Ungaretti, Vittorio Sereni touches on the concept of places and memory in his older friend's works:
Com efeito, Traduzione, transcreazione, saggi avulta ainda mais pelo fato de que muitas das questoes oferecidas ao publico italiano por Andrea Lombardi e Gaetano d'Itria tem como tematica principal a difusao de autores do canone italiano, como Dante, Giacomo Leopardi ou Giuseppe Ungaretti. O rigor de tal desafio intercultural e confirmado pela participacao no volume de dois intelectuais italianos de renome, como Umberto Eco--cuja contribuicao constitui um dos ultimos textos antes do falecimento--e Piero Boitani, professor titular de Literatura comparada na Universita "La Sapienza", de Roma, que assinalam respectivamente a importancia do volume na introducao e na contracapa da publicacao.
In Rome, she met Giuseppe Ungaretti, who translated parts of her first novel, and Giorgio de Chirico who painted her portrait.
The article touches upon Gadda's own poems and his own critical interventions on poetry, while focusing on his fellow poets (Ugo Betti, Bonaventura Tecchi, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Salvatore Quasimodo, Leonardo Sinisgalli, besides the afore-mentioned D'Annunzio and Montale).
There was an extraordinary Hermetic poet, Giuseppe Ungaretti.' Giuseppe Ungaretti, with Eugenio Montale, is the most celebrated of 20th-century Italian poets.
Although the respondents to the survey were overwhelmingly French, they included two foreign writers: Giuseppe Ungaretti and Knut Hamsun.
Giuseppe Ungaretti wins the first Books Abroad International Prize for Literature, later renamed the Neustadt International Prize for Literature
It was followed by Clear Skies, a piece inspired of one of her favourite poems, Clear Sky - July 1918 by Giuseppe Ungaretti.
Walter Benjamin suggested in "The Storyteller" that the Great War led to an impoverishment of communicable experience--a particularly apt insight in relation to the wartime works of Italian soldier poets and painters like Giuseppe Ungaretti and Carlo Carra.
The company of artists and intellectuals who have inspired Jaar and served as points of reference in his life has ranged from Hans Haacke to Alighiero Boetti, from Nancy Spero to Yoko Ono, from Gabriel Garcia Marquez to Giuseppe Ungaretti. In this exhibition, curated by Claudia Gioia, Jaar established a dialogue with them in a small side room densely packed with both their works and his, a multivoiced chorus reflecting on the history and artistic practices of the times: politics and poetry, performance and photography, neon works and video gathered on four image-filled walls.