Givenchy, Hubert de

Givenchy, Hubert de

(James Marcel Taffin) (übĕr` də zhēväNshē`), 1927–, French fashion designer. He established his house of couture in Paris. A disciple of BalenciagaBalenciaga, Cristóbal
, 1895–1972, Spanish-born French fashion designer. He established houses of couture in Spain (1919–31) and Paris (1937–68) and quickly became couturier to Europe's royalty and aristocracy.
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 and assistant designer to SchiaparelliSchiaparelli, Elsa
, 1890–1973, French fashion designer, b. Rome. She established a house of couture in Paris that existed from the late 1920s until 1954, and opened a New York showroom in 1949.
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, he opened his own house in 1952, selling it to Moët Hennessy–Louis Vuitton in 1988. He remained under contract with them until 1995, when he retired and was replaced by British designer John Galliano. Givenchy's elegant and classic style is noted for its separate skirts and tops; unusual embroidered and printed fabrics; tubular evening dresses; sumptuous ball gowns; jeweled headbands; shawls; the princess silhouette; sleeveless coats; funnel necklines; and his perfumes. He was the designer of Audrey Hepburn's clothes and film costumes.