Gjirokastër

(redirected from Gjirokastra)

Gjirokastër

(gyĭrôkäs`tər) or

Gjinokastër

(gyēnô–), Gr. Argyrokastron, It. Argirocastro, town (1989 pop. 24,207), capital of Gjirokastër dist., S Albania. A commercial center, it produces foodstuffs, leather, and textiles. There are several 18th-century mosques and churches and an old citadel (rebuilt in the 19th cent.) in the town. Dating probably from the 4th cent., Gjirokastër passed to the Turks in the 15th cent. It was captured (1811) by Ali Pasha and was the center (late 1800s) of anti-Turkish resistance. In World War II it was occupied by Italy, Greece, and Germany in succession. Enver HoxhaHoxha, Enver
, 1908–85, Albanian Communist leader and general. A founder (1941) of the Albanian Communist party (Albanian Labor party from 1948), Hoxha headed the radical resistance group in Italian-occupied Albania during World War II.
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, the Albanian Communist party leader, was born there.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unforgettable will be the 55-day frontal battle for the protection of Konispol and the heroism of the XIX Brigade partisans in the liberation of the cities of Delvina, Saranda and Gjirokastra.
The direct causality between inter-ethnic and interstate relations was first witnessed in 1993 in the district of Gjirokastra following the expulsion of an ethnic Greek Orthodox priest for allegedly taking part in anti-Albanian subversive activities.
Four springs remarkable for their natural beauty are the Blue Eye in Saranda, Cold Water in Tepelena, Viroi in Gjirokastra, and Syri i Sheganit at Lake Shkodra.
(3) Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, University of Gjirokastra, Gjirokastra, Albania
(1) Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Gjirokastra, Gjirokastra, Albania
Fieldwork conducted in nine districts of Albania respectively, in Tirana, Durres, Vlora, Fier, Elbasan, Korca, Pogradec, Gjirokastra and Saranda during May-July 2013 served to collect primary data through face-to-face interviews with Roma community members.
However, the largest number of Roma is concentrated mainly in Central and Southeastern Albania: Tirana, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Berat, Korca, Pogradec, Bilisht, Gjirokastra, Delvin, Kruja, Shkodra etc.
The Ottoman Turkish traveler Evliya Celebi writes that when he moved to Albania cities like Berat Gjirokastra Shkodra were skilfully divided and every town had its own domestic architecture.
Albania's Premier Berisha inaugurated the road reconstruction Llongo - Koshovica, he, in the Upper Dropull, in the district of Gjirokastra, 5.3 kilometer long, investment worth 85 million, financed by OFID and the Albanian government.
Nowadays GIS is integrated as a single course in the undergraduate program in the Universities of Shkodra and Gjirokastra in the departments of Geography, Architecture and Urban Planning, Geodesy, Computer Sciences and Geology departments in the university of Tirana, but it still remains part of the undergraduate program.
Albania cuenta con tres patrimonios culturales (Butrint, Berat, Gjirokastra) registrados en la lista de Patrimonios Mundiales de la UNESCO.