During the next two years, he added, the monitoring instruments of glacier retreat
and changing stream flows will be undertaken and scientist will conduct several field visits to the selected glaciated basins of Chinese and Pakistani sides.
Objective: The high-latitude regions are experiencing some of the most rapid changes observed in recent decades: polar temperatures are rising twice as fast as the global mean and there are concerns about the impact of sea-ice and glacier retreat
on global oceans and climate.
What is regrettable is that all the scientific information that we're seeing says there's been a lot of glacier retreat
and that worries us.
While most of Antarctica is remaining cold, rapid increases in summer ice melt, glacier retreat
and ice shelf collapses are being observed in Antarctic Peninsula, where the stronger winds passing through Drake Passage are making the climate warm exceptionally quickly.
Most of the continent remains cold but glacier retreat
, ice shelf collapses and the rapid rise in summer ice melt were being observed in the Antarctic Peninsula.
Iceland, too, is something of a hotspot for glacier retreat
The WWF's India, Nepal and China chapters some time back carried out a massive study 'Glaciers, glacier retreat
and its impact' on freshwater as a major issue, not just in the national context but also at a regional and trans-boundary level.
When evidence emerged that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] had adopted unsubstantiated data about rates of Himalayan glacier retreat
, the problem signalled not just a failure in the organization's review process, but a failure of organizational culture.
The topics discussed are wide-ranging and include IPCC reports, Arctic and Antarctic climate, climate modelling, hurricanes and other extreme events, global warming, greenhouse gases, glacier retreat
, oceans, paleo-climate, responses to contrarians, solar forcing, future climate projections, climate in the media, geo-engineering and sun-earth connections.
Field observations and historical records have been used to document the current pace of glacier retreat
in the Andes (Francou et al.
The theory is based not purely on monitoring of temperature variations but a host of other, more conclusive factors eg ice core samples, glacier retreat
, erosion of the ice caps and disturbance of marine ecosystems.
The fastest recorded glacier retreat
in history, a glacier 4,000 feet thick and extending more than 100 miles, has withdrawn to reveal one of Alaska s most pristine wilderness areas--Glacier Bay National Park.