Glacis


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Glacis

 

a gently sloping embankment in front of the outside ditch of a fortress, long-term structure, or field fortification. The glacis was built for the purpose of improving the field of fire over terrain lying in front of it and for camouflaging and defending the fortification.

In Russian fortresses the main rampart sometimes had a glacis-like profile, so that frontal fire could be directed at the bottom of the outside ditch. In current long-term fortifications the glacis is not used, and in field fortifications (foxholes and trenches) a breastwork is set up. In architecture the glacis is the unbuilt space in front of a fortress (in front of the earth embankment or in its place if it has been destroyed). During a city’s development around a fortress, the glacis usually was turned into a garden or a square (for example, the Admiralty and Senate [now Decembrists] squares in Leningrad on the site of the 18th-century ditches and glacis of the Admiralty shipyard-fortress).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

glacis

A sloped embankment in front of a fortification, so raised as to bring an advancing enemy into the most direct line of fire.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
3), se encuentra mayormente asociada a cinco formaciones de bosque: bosque de palmas del centro-sur de la Amazonia, bosque inundable de la llanura aluvial de rios de aguas blancas del SWA, bosque siempreverde estacional subandino, sabanas arboladas y arbustivas sobre suelos anegables y bosques del glacis preandino del SW amazonico.
Public Notices ISt., Markethill and representing Boylesports (Gibraltar) Limited, Unit 7/8 Portland House, Glacis Road, Gibraltar in my capacity as CEO, herby make application to the Minister for Justice and Equality for a Certificate of Personal Fitness to hold a Remote Bookmakers Licence under the Betting Act 1931.
Ademas, completa la red hidrica el agua de deshielo anual de Sierra Nevada, asi como la gran cantidad de torrentes localizados en los glacis que circundan la depresion.
Other suitable places for wine-growing are represented by sections of the embankments of the two rivers, the Sebes and the Apold, which have carved their ways through the depressions and piedmont glacis found at the foot of the hill slopes.
Under these conditions, Turkey is not simply a partner in crisis management, but essentially a permanent glacis, a barrier against instability emanating from the south and southeast.
La visite du premier responsable europeen a Tripoli brise le glacis de l'indifference.
The first was to set up a blind within the trenches, sometimes armored with a glacis plate and extra sandbags, from which they kept their rifle trained on one specific spot on the enemy trench line where people were known to congregate or move through.
Safire wrote that the ambassador 'used a word I never heard before to describe the country that lies between the Soviet Union and the gateway to the Persian Gulf: ' Afghanistan might one day be intended by the Soviets to be a glacis.' (The word is loosely defined as 'buffer'.)