Gladden, Washington

Gladden, Washington,

1836–1918, American clergyman, writer, and lecturer, b. Pottsgrove, Pa. He was pastor of the First Congregational Church, Columbus, Ohio, from 1882 until his death. He helped to popularize modernist views in such books as Burning Questions (1890) and Who Wrote the Bible (1891). An early proponent of the Social GospelSocial Gospel,
liberal movement within American Protestantism that attempted to apply biblical teachings to problems associated with industrialization. It took form during the latter half of the 19th cent.
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, he advocated application of Christian principles to social problems. Among his works are Working People and Their Employers (1876), Social Salvation (1902), and Recollections (1909).
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Gladden, (Solomon) Washington

(1836–1918) Protestant religious leader; born in Pottsgrove, Pa. Raised on an uncle's farm in New York state, he graduated from Williams College (1859), served several New England Congregational churches and was religious editor for The Independent (1871–75). In 1882 he accepted the pastorship of the First Congregational Church of Columbus, Ohio, where he remained for the rest of his life. An advocate of the "social gospel," he believed enlightened Christians could ameliorate social and economic ills. He was the author of more than 40 books, including an autobiography, Recollections (1909).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.