Glagolitic Alphabet

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Glagolitic Alphabet

 

one of two early Slavic alphabets.

The Glagolitic alphabet coincides almost completely with the second Slavic alphabet (the Cyrillic) in composition and arrangement, as well as in phonetic denotation and names of the letters, but it differs sharply in the forms of the symbols themselves. It is possible to determine only approximately the appearance of the earliest Glagolitic writing, since the oldest surviving documents are products of the end of the tenth century (such as the Kiev Sheets and the Zograf Gospel).

In contrast to the Cyrillic alphabet, from which the Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, and other systems of writing arose, the Glagolitic alphabet did not exist for long and was confined to usage primarily among southwestern Slavs, such as those of Croatia and Dalmatia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Legend has it that it was in a monastery next to the basilica where St Kliment, a disciple of St Cyril and Methodius (who created the Glagolitic script, the first one used by Slavic peoples) created the Cyrillic alphabet several decades later that would be adopted by Bulgaria, Serbia and other neighboring nations.
In Bosnia, the local version of Cyrillic alphabet was used, while in Croatia, a variant of the Glagolitic alphabet called squared or angular Glagolitic script was preserved.
For the purpose of the experiment, a custom oriented database of text documents written in Cyrillic, Latin and Glagolitic scripts is created.
The results are given in Table I for the Cyrillic, Latin and Glagolitic scripts.
The results are given in Table II for the Cyrillic, Latin and Glagolitic scripts.
In this way, the proposed algorithm correctly predicts the classification of each document from a database in the adequate class representing Cyrillic, Latin or Glagolitic scripts (three classes).
1,150 years ago, it was Cyril and Methodius, during their mission in Great Moravia, who spread Christianity, created the first Slavic Glagolitic script and turned the Old Church Slavonic into a liturgical language.
When in 1920 the Holy Congregation of Ordinances permitted the reintroduction of Old Church Slavonic in churches, transcriptions of texts from the Glagolitic script into Roman characters appeared and Janacek was overwhelmed with joy.