The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Chief Administration for Vocational Training), established in 1921 as part of the People’s Commissariat for Education of the RSFSR (Narkompros) on the basis of the Chief Committee for Vocational-Technical Training (established in 1920 and also called Glavprofobr).

Glavprofobr supervised the training of cadres for all branches of the national economy and culture. Under its authority were the Factory and Plant Apprenticeship schools, technicums, workers’ faculties, and higher educational institutions, as well as the raising of workers’ qualifications. Glavprofobr introduced reforms of advanced schools corresponding to the goals of socialist construction, and it created a system of primary and secondary school vocational training which, on the whole, functioned until 1940. Glavprofobr and the scientific-technical and sociopolitical sections of the State Scientific Council drew up the standard curricula and programs for all levels and branches of vocational training. Glavprofobr also supervised the writing of textbooks and the production of training aids and school equipment.

Glavprofobr was abolished as a result of the decisions adopted by the July (1928) and November (1929) plenums of the Central Committee of the party concerning the training of cadres and in connection with the transfer of institutions of vocational training (primary, secondary, and university level) to the appropriate people’s commissariats and departments. In June 1930 a cadre sector of Narkompros was organized, and universities, pedagogical institutes, technicums, and workers’ faculties remained under its authority.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the conclusion of Civil War hostilities in 1921, the Bolsheviks made more concerted attempts to implement earlier decrees projecting universal access to higher education, the democratization of the teaching profession and the elimination of "bourgeois" teaching methods.(6) Narkompros and Glavprofobr, its subsidiary organ dealing with professional education, executed a series of selective admissions and funding policies designed to recruit students from working-class and peasant backgrounds in an attempt to eliminate the privileged caste system of higher education which existed in Tsarist days.
A survey of vuzy by Glavprofobr in 1927 calculated that Party-member students spent an average of 1.45 hours per day on political activities (excluding "extra" duties often dumped on them).(25) Another report by a former student provides a contrasting picture: most members of these organizations, he stated, were merely registered for reasons of political expediency and never once participated in any activities.
The original plan was to begin the proverka in late May with a plan worked out by Glavprofobr, but this was quickly superseded by a secret agenda formulated by the Central Committee of the Party: this plan included "quotas" for expulsions of students in higher schools, despite the fact that the existence of these quotas was denied by I.