Reinhold Glière

(redirected from Gliere)

Glière, Reinhold Moritzovich


Born Dec. 30, 1874 (Jan. 11, 1875), in Kiev; died June 23, 1956, in Moscow. Soviet composer, conductor, teacher, and public figure. People’s Artist of the USSR (1938). Doctor of the arts (1941).

Glière graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1900, after studying composition under M. M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, harmony under A. S. Arenskii and G. E. Konius, and polyphony under S. I. Taneev. He taught theory at the Gnesin School of Music in Moscow, where his pupils included N. Ia. Miaskovskii and S. S. Prokofiev. From 1913 he was professor of composition (from 1914, director) at the Kiev Conservatory, where his pupils included B. N. Liatoshinskii and L. N. Revutskii. From 1920 to 1941 he was professor of composition at the Moscow Conservatory, where his pupils included An. N. Aleksandrov, A. A. Davidenko, and L. K. Knipper.

Glière continued the realistic tradition of composers of Russian music classics—primarily, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, and the Russian Five. A broad and expressive melodious quality, balanced form, elegant harmony, and diverse genres are characteristic of his music, which is distinguished by its balanced emotion and the predominance of bright and lyrical or epic narrative images. Glière often used authentic folk songs and dances. He was the composer of the first ballet based on a theme from contemporary life that became part of Soviet repertoire (The Red Poppy, produced in 1927 at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow; 2nd version, 1949, at the S. M. Kirov Theater of Opera and Ballet in Leningrad; known as The Red Flower since 1957). Among his other ballets The Bronze Horseman (produced in 1949 at the S. M. Kirov Theater of Opera and Ballet), which was based on Pushkin’s poem, enjoys popularity.

Glière composed five operas, some of which contributed to the establishment of national music cultures in Azerbaijan (Shah-Senem, produced in 1927 in Baku). Other operas by him promoted the establishment of Uzbek national music (Leili and Mejnun, written with T. Sadykov and produced in 1940 at the Uzbek Theater of Opera and Ballet in Tashkent, and Giul’sara, also written with T. Sadykov and produced at the Uzbek Theater of Opera and Ballet in 1949). Glière wrote a number of orchestral works, including three symphonies—1900, 1907, and 1911—and several program symphonies, including The Zaporozhian Cossacks (1921), which was based on I. E. Repin’s painting. He also composed concerti for harp (1938), voice (1943), cello (1947), and French horn (1951), as well as many chamber instrumental and vocal cycles and separate pieces. From 1938 to 1948, Glière was chairman of the Organizational Committee of the Union of Soviet Composers of the USSR. He was awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1946, 1948, and 1950), three Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.


Belza, I. F. R. M. Glier. Moscow, 1962.
Petrova, N. E. R. M. Glier, 1875-1956: Kratkii ocherk zhizni i tvorchestva. Leningrad, 1962.
R. M. Glier. Stat’i, Vospominaniia, Materialy, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
The activities of visiting performers and composers from Russia such as Leopold Rostropovich and Reinhold Gliere come under the spotlight in this chapter.
Taneyev is primarily known today as the teacher of Scriabin, Rachmaninov and Gliere.
Bonet played not one but two compositions: a movement from Mozart's Horn Concerto in E and the complete Horn Concerto opus 91 by Reinhold Gliere.
Written by Reinhold Gliere, the ballet (originally created in 1927) celebrated the new Russian state as an emblem of progress and freedom.
Music director Anu Tali leads the orchestra in works by Sibelius, Gliere and Tchaikovsky (Symphony No.
Most horn players around the world think of the Gliere as Herr Professor Baumann's signature piece, and we were in the audience for its reentry into his repertoire.
The Gliere concerto, written in 1951, is a curious mix of late romantic stylings, some military ceremonialism and early 20th century neo-classicism.
Violinist Marja Gaynor and cellist Use de Ziah performed Ravel and Gliere, and the Galician poet Martin Veiga read a poem on language and materialism.
Clark Rundell conducts the RNCM Wind Ensemble in an entertaining programme of Russian military music by Gliere, Rimski-Korsakov and Shostakovitch.
Russian composer (born in Ukraine) Rienhold Gliere (1875-1956), perhaps best known for his 1927 ballet The Red Poppy, wrote his massive Third Symphony some sixteen years earlier, but he had already attained a remarkable maturity, if not creativity.
He belongs with that clutch of Russian composers, among them his teachers Arensky and Taneyev and his contemporaries Gliere and Myaskovsky (interestingly, an early Medtner enthusiast), whose names remain obstinately unforgotten, despite the dearth of public performances of their works.
Williamson Art Gallery, Slatey Road, Birkenhead, until November 1 MUsiC Personal Message: Duo for Violin and Cello James Clark and Jonathan Aasgaard, two of the stars of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, perform intimate chamber music that had personal meaning for their Russian and Hungarian composers Gliere, Kodaly and Bartok.