Francis Glisson

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Glisson, Francis


Born 1597, in Rampisham, Dorsetshire; died Oct. 16, 1677, in London. English physician, anatomist, and physiologist.

Glisson became a professor at Cambridge University in 1636. He was the first to describe rickets (1650) and to study the structure of the liver (1654). The membrane covering the liver is named after him (Glisson’s capsule). He introduced the concept of irritability; he believed that all parts of the body are constructed of fibers capable of perceiving external stimuli and responding to them with various characteristic movements (contraction, secretion, and so on). Glisson rejected the theory of the French scientist R. Descartes of nerve “fluids,” which prevailed at that time, experimentally proving its untenability by measuring the volume of a muscle before and after contraction (by means of immersing it in a vessel of water). Glisson believed that matter is not inert but capable of independent movement and sensitivity.


Tractatus de natura substantiae energetica seu de vita naturae, ejusque tribus facultatibus naturalibus. London, 1672.
Tractatus de ventrículo et intestinis. London, 1677.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Britt Glisson, President of Markel Global Insurance, commented, "Alan is well known, well respected, and will be a great asset to our team in New York.
The city of Jonesboro is in the process of finalizing a 20-year comprehensive plan," said Chrystal Glisson, who manages the office of Mayor Harold Perrin.
Williams, RDH, EdD, was honored in May 2012, when Ruth Glisson, MDH, an alumna of the Master of Dental Hygiene (MDH) program, Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Allied Health Sciences at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, Tenn.
Glisson gave the first accurate insights into liver anatomy in Cambridge in 1654 when, after boiling the liver to remove the parenchyma, its vascular system was infused with coloured milk and defined.
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