Globe Theater

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Globe Theater

 

a theater in London, built in 1599. The theater building was in the form of an oval platform surrounded by a high wall. On the inner side of the wall were loges for the aristocracy and above them, galleries for wealthy townsmen. The remaining audience stood on three sides of the stage. Performances were presented by daylight, without entr’actes and almost without scenery. The stage had no curtain. Its distinguishing feature was its sharply projecting proscenium and the inner balcony (the so-called upper scene), where action also took place.

In 1613 the wooden structure of the Globe burned down, and the theater was rebuilt of stone, reopening in 1614. It was one of the most important centers of cultural life in the country. The troupe known as the Chamberlain’s Men played in the Globe, with R. Burbage as the chief tragedian, R. Armin as the chief comedian, and Shakespeare as the chief playwright. The troupe performed all the plays written by Shakespeare after 1594, and it also presented plays by F. Beaumont and J. Fletcher, B. Jonson, and J. Webster. The Globe closed in 1642 and was torn down in 1644.

In 1868, S. Parry built a new building in London under the same name. The new Globe Theater existed until 1902. It presented comedies, farces, and burlesques. In 1906 a theater called the Hicks Theater opened in London. It was renamed the Globe in 1908, and it was leased to various theatrical troupes and firms. It had a varied repertoire, including drama, musicals, and revues. There the Tennent company staged Shaw’s Candida (in 1937), Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest (in 1939), and Bolt’s A Man for All Seasons (in 1960, with P. Scofield). In 1965, E. Williams successfully presented the program Charles Dickens at the Globe Theater.

REFERENCES

Miuller, V. K. Drama i teatr epokhi Shekspira. Leningrad, 1925.
Morozov, M. Shekspir, 1564-1616, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.
Anikst, A. Teatr epokhi Shekspira. Moscow, 1965.
Chambers, E. K. The Elizabethan Stage, vol. 2. Oxford, 1923.
Hodges, C. W. The Globe Restored. London, 1953.
Schelling, F. E. Elizabethan Drama, 1558-1642, vols. 1-2. New York, 1959.

F. M. KRYMKO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
ThemeWorks Events presents premiere soprano Rachelle Gerodias in a three-day solo concert, 'Madly Filipiniana, A Revelry of Philippine Classic Music,' at the Globe Theater of the Maybank Performing Arts Theater in BGC, Taguig.
In addition to being a venue for Shakespearean plays, says Cantoni, the rebuilt Globe Theater also operates in its own time, and 27 new plays have been staged there since 1999, almost all of them written to take advantage of the specific features of the Globe.
There is an interesting story about the Globe Theater where Shakespeare performed most of his plays.
His work appeared at theaters throughout the country including Los Angeles' Mark Taper Forum, Seattle Repertory Theater, the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, the Old Globe Theater in San Diego, the Shakespeare Theater in Washington, D.C., a Contemporary Theater in Seattle and the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland.
Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, written for the Globe Theater's inaugural season, "celebrated" that opening with "a theatrical killing that is at once an admission of authorial guilt and a declaration of professional power": the death of "Cinna the poet, dismembered for his name by an audience that has become actors, falls as the superlative victim of the archetypal sacrifice of a 'private man's life' to the mistrial of public theater" (91).
(San Diego, Old Globe theater, September 21-November 3; New York, Ethel Barrymore theater, performances begin November 25)
Sohmer argues that, among possible candidates, Julius Caesar was the play that opened the Globe theater; that, among possible dates, the Globe was opened on June 12, 1599, by the Julian calendar; that both the play and the date are significant; and that calendrical, astrological, and religious details of the period clarify and fix many aspects of the play's interpretation.
The Rose is smaller than the replica Globe Theater that is now fully operational on London's Bankside.
By extension, in a sophisticated reading of the pervasive theatricum mundi topos, Gillies contends that the Globe Theater itself functions as a three-dimensional mappemonde to the same extent that "all the world is a stage."