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Related to Glossitis: Geographic tongue, atrophic glossitis


Inflammation of the tongue.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the tongue. Glossitis may arise as a result of local trauma of the tongue (traumatic glossitis), decrease in local reactivity of the tissues in connection with infectious factors (candidomycotic glossitis), or changes in the general reactivity of the body caused by avitaminoses, malnutrition, and so forth. It frequently appears as a symptom of many diseases of internal organs, a number of which may be diagnosed by typical changes in the mucous membrane of the tongue. Thus, scarlatinal glossitis and dry, wrinkled tongue are well known in diseases of the intestinal tract, and a smooth, atrophic tongue often accompanies blood diseases. Rarely, glossitis develops as a complication after taking certain medications. The disease is found in persons of all ages. Glossitis is sometimes discovered by chance, but it may begin acutely and proceed with all the symptoms of inflammation. Treatment involves removal of the causes of the disease, care of the mouth cavity, Novocain blocks, and vitamin therapy.


Lukomskii, I. G. Terapevticheskaia stomatologiia. Moscow, 1960. Pages 429-31.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Oral manifestations in patients with Plummer Vinson syndrome includes all the features of iron deficiency anemia like stomatitis, glossitis, angular cheilitis, erythematous mucositis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, pale oral mucosa, oral candidiasis, dry mouth in 49.3% of patients, burning mouth in 76-100% of patients, lingual varicosity in 56%, oral lichen planus in 33.3%, recurrent aphthous ulceration in 25.33%, and early loss of teeth.
It's characteristic features are: necrolytic migratory erythema (NME), weight loss, DM or glucose intolerance, mucosal abnormalities (such as glossitis, cheilitis, stomatitis), diarrhea [4].
Apart from easy fatigability and tachycardia, the deficiency also produces changes in mucosal cells, leading to glossitis and other vague gastrointestinal disturbances such as anorexia and diarrhea.
tolerance or diabetes mellitus, painful glossitis, stomatitis,
In the oral cavity, SCA can cause diastemata, delays in tooth eruption, (5,6,7) malocclusion and glossitis. (6,7,8,9) There are no studies in the literature containing conclusive data related to the prevalence of caries and periodontal disease in children afflicted by SCA, (10,11) despite the existence of biological plausibility for an association between incidence of caries and severity of the disease.
Glossitis, stomatitis, oesophageal webs and malabsorption reflect direct involvement of the gastrointestinal tract; pica and koilonychia may also be present.
The prevalence of CD is approximately 1% in the general population for American and European communities.3 Similarly, the ratio of CD was reported as 1:115 in Turkey.4 Patients with CD can also show some symptoms in oral cavity as it is a part of gastrointestinal system.5 The most common oral symptoms are recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS), dental enamel defects, delayed eruption, atrophic glossitis and angular chelitis.5
The mucous examination showed a commissural Cheilitis and Glossitis.
General examination revealed a pale looking young man with glossitis and oral ulcers.
Oral lessions are hardly missing: gummas of the tongue (usually on the edge), chronic interstitial glossitis, leucoplakia, areas with loss of papillae, gummas of the palate with destruction and perforation.