Candida albicans in median rhomboid glossitis
. A postmortem study.
It is caused by diverse conditions such as glossitis
, geographic tongue, xerostomia, glossopharyngeal nerve damage, and the use of certain drugs .
Oral manifestations in patients with Plummer Vinson syndrome includes all the features of iron deficiency anemia like stomatitis, glossitis
, angular cheilitis, erythematous mucositis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, pale oral mucosa, oral candidiasis, dry mouth in 49.3% of patients, burning mouth in 76-100% of patients, lingual varicosity in 56%, oral lichen planus in 33.3%, recurrent aphthous ulceration in 25.33%, and early loss of teeth.
It's characteristic features are: necrolytic migratory erythema (NME), weight loss, DM or glucose intolerance, mucosal abnormalities (such as glossitis
, cheilitis, stomatitis), diarrhea .
Apart from easy fatigability and tachycardia, the deficiency also produces changes in mucosal cells, leading to glossitis
and other vague gastrointestinal disturbances such as anorexia and diarrhea.
tolerance or diabetes mellitus, painful glossitis
In the oral cavity, SCA can cause diastemata, delays in tooth eruption, (5,6,7) malocclusion and glossitis
. (6,7,8,9) There are no studies in the literature containing conclusive data related to the prevalence of caries and periodontal disease in children afflicted by SCA, (10,11) despite the existence of biological plausibility for an association between incidence of caries and severity of the disease.
, stomatitis, oesophageal webs and malabsorption reflect direct involvement of the gastrointestinal tract; pica and koilonychia may also be present.
The prevalence of CD is approximately 1% in the general population for American and European communities.3 Similarly, the ratio of CD was reported as 1:115 in Turkey.4 Patients with CD can also show some symptoms in oral cavity as it is a part of gastrointestinal system.5 The most common oral symptoms are recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS), dental enamel defects, delayed eruption, atrophic glossitis
and angular chelitis.5
The mucous examination showed a commissural Cheilitis and Glossitis
General examination revealed a pale looking young man with glossitis
and oral ulcers.
Oral lessions are hardly missing: gummas of the tongue (usually on the edge), chronic interstitial glossitis
, leucoplakia, areas with loss of papillae, gummas of the palate with destruction and perforation.