glycosyltransferase

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glycosyltransferase

[‚glī·kō·sil′tranz·fə‚rās]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of enzymes that participate in the biosynthesis of glycoproteins by transferring one sugar at a time from suitable donors to particular acceptors.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
He found that Alzheimer's beta-secretase, BACE1, which triggers amyloid pathology, cleaves glycosyltransferases and controls glycan expression.
Inhibitory effect of oolong tea polyphenols on glycosyltransferases of mutans streptococci.
Mannosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases are a subset of glycosyltransferases, which catalase glucosidic bond formations using sugars that are offered from nucleo side phosphates or lipid phosphates [26].
ABO, Le, and secretor genes control the enzyme glycosyltransferase. Glycosyltransferases attach sugar molecules to disaccharide precursors and build oligosaccharide structures on the cell surface of red blood cells and vascular endothelium as well as in the exocrine secretion system, including the respiratory tract.
These enzymes, called glycosyltransferases (GTs), transfer sugar molecules.
UDP-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGT) were used as biocatalysts in the synthesis of astragalin.
Once the repeat unit has been synthesized by its specific glycosyltransferases, the repeat unit-PP-und is flipped across the inner membrane by a Wzx flippase [110].
We applied dbCAN [30] with default parameters and identified a total of 301 CAZyme-coding gene homologs (Appendix S4), which includes 127 glycoside hydrolases (GH), 64 glycosyltransferases (GT), 55 carbohydrate esterases (CE), 30 with auxiliary activities (AA), 19 carbohydrate binding module (CBM), and 6 polysaccharide lyases (PL).
The complex glycosylated ceramides are generated by different glycosyltransferases which are specific to sugar residues that they transfer to generate gangliosides.
Lidholt, "The putative tumor suppressors EXT1 and EXT2 are glycosyltransferases required for the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.