Glycyrrhiza


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Related to Glycyrrhiza: Glycyrrhizin, Glycyrrhiza uralensis

Glycyrrhiza

 

(licorice), a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are perennial herbs with a thick, spreading rhizome. The leaves are oddly pinnate and often sticky; the flowers are usually lilac-colored and in axillary racemes. The fruit is a one- to eight-seeded pod.

There are about 15 species, which are distributed in North Africa, Australia, and the temperate and subtropical zones of Eurasia and the Americas. The USSR has seven species, which grow mainly in the steppe, semidesert, and desert zones. The most common species are the common licorice (G. glabra), which is found in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia, and G. uralensis, which occurs in Southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. The plants grow mainly on floodplains, in river valleys, and on mountain slopes, often forming a thick cover. Sometimes they grow as weeds amid crops. Both species are used for hay and silage; they are also the principal source of licorice.

Licorice (the rhizome and roots) contains glycosides, sucrose, flavonoids, essential oil, vitamin C, yellow pigment, mineral salts, and pectins. Expectorants are produced from the dried roots and shoots. The root is an ingredient in diuretic tea; it is also used in preparing pills and for improving the taste of medicines. The medicinal preparation Liquiritonum, which is used to treat gastritis and gastric and duodenal ulcers, is obtained from the roots. The root is also used in beer brewing, candy production, cooking, and various industrial purposes.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Modulation of lipopolysaccharide-induced pro-inflammatory mediators by an extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra and its phytoconstituents.
Lee, "Isoliquiritigenin isolated from the roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis inhibits LPS-induced iNOS and COX-2 expression via the attenuation of NF-kB in RAW 264.
ABS is a plant-based hemostatic agent composed of a standardized mixture of Urtica dioica, Vitis vinifera, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Alpinia officinarum, and Thymus vulgaris.
For example, liquorice root Glycyrrhiza contains different substances that help to alleviate disorders of the airways and digestive system.
Iberogast is a multi-component formulation of 9 herbal extracts namely Iberis amara, Angelica archangelica, Matricaria recutita, Carum carvi, Silybum marianum, Melissa officinalis, Mentha x piperita, Chelidonium majus and Glycyrrhiza glabra.
In addition to CoffeeBerry whole fruit extract, Revaleskin HydraLift Complex contains glycerin, flowering yarrow extract, vitamin E, shea butter, retinol and glycyrrhiza gabra (Licorice) root extract.
Anti-inflammatory properties of licochalcone A from Glycyrrhiza inflata on various human skin cells.
Licorice or liquorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra is an herbaceous perennial plant which grows in Mediterranean countries from Anatolia to Spain.
A component in the sweet called glycyrrhiza is believed to cause placenta damage, leading to stress hormones crossing from mother to baby.
Of the children taking part in the study, 64 were exposed to high levels of liquorice glycyrrhiza - a component found in the confectionery - in the womb, 46 to moderate levels and 211 to low levels.