Glycyrrhiza


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Related to Glycyrrhiza: Glycyrrhizin, Glycyrrhiza uralensis

Glycyrrhiza

 

(licorice), a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are perennial herbs with a thick, spreading rhizome. The leaves are oddly pinnate and often sticky; the flowers are usually lilac-colored and in axillary racemes. The fruit is a one- to eight-seeded pod.

There are about 15 species, which are distributed in North Africa, Australia, and the temperate and subtropical zones of Eurasia and the Americas. The USSR has seven species, which grow mainly in the steppe, semidesert, and desert zones. The most common species are the common licorice (G. glabra), which is found in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia, and G. uralensis, which occurs in Southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. The plants grow mainly on floodplains, in river valleys, and on mountain slopes, often forming a thick cover. Sometimes they grow as weeds amid crops. Both species are used for hay and silage; they are also the principal source of licorice.

Licorice (the rhizome and roots) contains glycosides, sucrose, flavonoids, essential oil, vitamin C, yellow pigment, mineral salts, and pectins. Expectorants are produced from the dried roots and shoots. The root is an ingredient in diuretic tea; it is also used in preparing pills and for improving the taste of medicines. The medicinal preparation Liquiritonum, which is used to treat gastritis and gastric and duodenal ulcers, is obtained from the roots. The root is also used in beer brewing, candy production, cooking, and various industrial purposes.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Four of these subjects received Echinacea, four received Astragalus, three received Glycyrrhiza, three received a combination of all three herbs in equal parts, while two received a placebo.
Ye, "Separation and characterization of phenolic compounds and triterpenoid saponins in licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) using mobile phase-dependent reversed-phasexreversed-phase comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry," Journal of Chromatography A, vol.
I the explants of Glycyrrhiza glabra on MS medium free of growth regulators, no calli were induced but When 2,4-D was used into MS medium, all explants formed white callus and induction rates increased with the increase of concentration of 2,4-D.
Seung, "Topoisomerase I inhibition and cytotoxicity of licochalcones A and E from Glycyrrhiza inflata," Archives of Pharmacal Research, vol.
The traditional Chinese/Kanpo formula known as Shakuyaku-Kanzo-To or TJ-68, which is a decoction of Glycyrrhiza glabra and Paeonia lactiflora, has been the subject of a number of clinical trials, all of which demonstrate activity in the hormonal regulation of androgens.
Roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra (Fabaceae/Papilionaceae), also known as licorice and sweet root has been used medicinally for the past 4000 years (Duval et al., 2007; Iritani, 1992).
The PGD contained the following: 60 g Paeoniae Radix Alba and 30 g Glycyrrhiza Radix Et Rhizoma.
The estrogenic effects of Angelica and Glycyrrhiza should assist with the menopausal decline in memory and improve adrenal function and energy levels.
The investigational substance GutGard [TM] (Batch No: RD1972) is an extract derived from roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra (Linn.) developed by Natural Remedies Pvt.
Extracts of Glycyrrhiza root have been shown to reverse the cognitive deficits induced by diazepam, scopolamine and [beta]-amyloid peptide 25-35 through antiAChE and antioxidant activities.
Now we added in the product line the glycyrrhiza glabra extract (standard), danshen root extract (Standard) and Bletilla Extract" said the product manager.
The effects of Cuminum cyminum (cumin) and Glycyrrhiza glabra were more potent on cough induced by citric acid than other medicinal plants.