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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(licorice), a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are perennial herbs with a thick, spreading rhizome. The leaves are oddly pinnate and often sticky; the flowers are usually lilac-colored and in axillary racemes. The fruit is a one- to eight-seeded pod.

There are about 15 species, which are distributed in North Africa, Australia, and the temperate and subtropical zones of Eurasia and the Americas. The USSR has seven species, which grow mainly in the steppe, semidesert, and desert zones. The most common species are the common licorice (G. glabra), which is found in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia, and G. uralensis, which occurs in Southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. The plants grow mainly on floodplains, in river valleys, and on mountain slopes, often forming a thick cover. Sometimes they grow as weeds amid crops. Both species are used for hay and silage; they are also the principal source of licorice.

Licorice (the rhizome and roots) contains glycosides, sucrose, flavonoids, essential oil, vitamin C, yellow pigment, mineral salts, and pectins. Expectorants are produced from the dried roots and shoots. The root is an ingredient in diuretic tea; it is also used in preparing pills and for improving the taste of medicines. The medicinal preparation Liquiritonum, which is used to treat gastritis and gastric and duodenal ulcers, is obtained from the roots. The root is also used in beer brewing, candy production, cooking, and various industrial purposes.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zhao et al., "Antidepressant-like effects of liquiritin and isoliquiritin from Glycyrrhiza uralensis in the forced swimming test and tail suspension test in mice," Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, vol.
Huang, "Identification of two licorice species, Glycyrrhiza uralensis and Glycyrrhiza glabra, based on separation and identification of their bioactive components," Food Chemistry, vol.
Lee, "Isoliquiritigenin isolated from the roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis inhibits LPS-induced iNOS and COX-2 expression via the attenuation of NF-kB in RAW 264.7 macrophages," European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.
Radix Glycyrrhizae was purchased from Hebei Ecological Technology Co., Ltd., which was identified by Professor Deng Fei from the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as the root and rhizome of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.
Extract of Radix Liquiritiae (licoricidin from Glycyrrhiza uralensis) inhibited the metastatic potential of human prostate cancer cells [34].
So it is encouraging to learn that Sophora in conjunction with two other traditional Chinese herbs (Glycyrrhiza uralensis [licorice] and Ganoderma lucidum) was found to be active in a controlled trial.
Glycyrrhizin, isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis, has a hepatoprotective activity (28).
According to the manufacturer, the formulation contained Chinese herbs (Isatis indigotica, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Panax pseudo-ginseng, Ganoderma lucidium, Scutellaria baicalensis, Dendranthema morifolium, and Rabdosia rubescens), as well as one domestic American herb (Serenoa repens).
Some of these herbs include Scutellaria baicalensis, Panax notoginseng, Ganoderma lucidum, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis. In addition to Chinese herbs, studies have shown that Cernitina, a specially prepared rye pollen, has an overall tonic effect on many body areas by promoting a healthy immune system, producing an anti-inflammatory effect, increasing recovery from prostatitis, and diminishing the side effects of chemo- and radiotherapies.
This is true, for example, of the root of ginseng (Panax ginseng), and wu wei zi, the magnolia vine (Schisandra chinensis), gan gao (Glycyrrhiza uralensis), du zhong (Eucommia ulmoides, the only member of its family, the Eucommiaceae, and which is endemic to the Chinese evergreen broadleaf forests), and ginger (Zin-giber officinale).
The team examined dang gui (Angelica sinensis), a plant used in Chinese medicine as a female tonic; hops (Humulus lupulus), a familiar ingredient in beer; vitex (Vitex angus-castus), a Mediterranean plant used to relieve menopausal symptoms; black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa), a plant that Native Americans relied on as a cure for menopausal symptoms; blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides), a plant also used by Native Americans; and licorice root (Glycyrrhiza uralensis), the flavoring of the candy by the same name, now taken in the Netherlands as a female tonic.