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(licorice), a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are perennial herbs with a thick, spreading rhizome. The leaves are oddly pinnate and often sticky; the flowers are usually lilac-colored and in axillary racemes. The fruit is a one- to eight-seeded pod.

There are about 15 species, which are distributed in North Africa, Australia, and the temperate and subtropical zones of Eurasia and the Americas. The USSR has seven species, which grow mainly in the steppe, semidesert, and desert zones. The most common species are the common licorice (G. glabra), which is found in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia, and G. uralensis, which occurs in Southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. The plants grow mainly on floodplains, in river valleys, and on mountain slopes, often forming a thick cover. Sometimes they grow as weeds amid crops. Both species are used for hay and silage; they are also the principal source of licorice.

Licorice (the rhizome and roots) contains glycosides, sucrose, flavonoids, essential oil, vitamin C, yellow pigment, mineral salts, and pectins. Expectorants are produced from the dried roots and shoots. The root is an ingredient in diuretic tea; it is also used in preparing pills and for improving the taste of medicines. The medicinal preparation Liquiritonum, which is used to treat gastritis and gastric and duodenal ulcers, is obtained from the roots. The root is also used in beer brewing, candy production, cooking, and various industrial purposes.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


References in periodicals archive ?
Glycyrrhizin, isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis, has a hepatoprotective activity (28).
Glycyrrhiza uralensis and Artemisia capillaris extracts used in this experiment have been used as folk remedies and oriental medicine materials.
Huang Qin Tang was composed of four herbs: Scutellaria baicalensis Geori, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Paeonia lactiflora Pall, and Ziziphus jujuba Mill, in which Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (Licorice, GANCAO) is an important herb and is described as 'the grandfather of herbs' in Chinese medicine (Ody 2000).
Antimicrobial effect of extract of Glycyrrhiza uralensis on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Activation of macrophages by crude polysaccharide fractions obtained from shoots of glycyrrhiza glabra and hairy roots of glycyrrhiza uralensis in vitro.
Ohwi (Fabaceae); Baical Skullcap Root (Scutellariae Radix) (Huangqin) from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Lamiaceae); Golden Thread (Coptidis Rhizoma) (Huanglian) from Coptis chinensis (Ranunculaceae) and Liquorice Root (Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata cum Melle) (Zhigan-cao) from Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Fabaceae).
Anti-inflammatory effects of glycyrol isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis in LPS-stimulated RAW264.
One step isolation and purification of liquiritigenin and isoliquiritigenin from Glycyrrhiza uralensis Risch.