Owen Glendower

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Owen Glendower

(glĕn`dou'ər, glĕndou`ər), Welsh Owain Glyndwr, 1359?–1416?, Welsh national leader. A scion of the princes of Powys, he was also claimant through his mother to the lands of Rhys ap GruffyddRhys ap Gruffydd
, 1132?–1197, ruler of South Wales and, after the death (1170) of Owain Gwynedd, leader of the Welsh princes. The failure (1165) of the English troops under Henry II in Wales and Henry's later domestic troubles contributed to Rhys's power.
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; he was thus one of the most powerful lords in Wales. After studying law in London and fighting in the English army, he returned to Wales. In 1400 he emerged as the leader of a revolt against English rule. The immediate occasion was a quarrel with his neighbor Lord Grey of Ruthin, an English border baron; but deeper causes of the national upheaval that followed lay in Welsh antagonism toward their English overlords, Welsh resentment of unjust English laws and administration, and widespread economic discontent. Owen, proclaimed (1400) prince of Wales by his followers, kept the revolt against Henry IVHenry IV,
1367–1413, king of England (1399–1413), eldest son of John of Gaunt and grandson of Edward III; called Henry of Bolingbroke. He founded the Lancastrian dynasty.
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 of England burning for years. In 1402 he captured Sir Edmund de MortimerMortimer, Sir Edmund de,
1376–1409, English nobleman; youngest son of Edmund de Mortimer, 3d earl of March. In 1398 when young Edmund, the 5th earl, nephew of Sir Edmund, succeeded to the title while still a minor, Sir Edmund became the most powerful representative of his
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, whose nephew the 5th earl of March had a claim to the English throne, and secured his support. He then allied himself with the discontented Percy family (Sir Henry PercyPercy, Sir Henry,
1366–1403, English nobleman, called Hotspur or Henry Hotspur; son of Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland. In 1388 he participated in the famous battle of Otterburn, or Chevy Chase, against the Scots; he was captured but later ransomed, and he returned
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; his father, Henry Percy, 1st earl of NorthumberlandNorthumberland, Henry Percy, 1st earl of,
1342–1408, English nobleman. He fought in France in the Hundred Years War, became warden of the Scottish Marches, and was a supporter of John Wyclif.
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; and Thomas Percy, earl of WorcesterWorcester, Thomas Percy, earl of
, c.1344–1403, English nobleman; brother of Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland. He served with considerable success in the wars in France and Spain, especially as admiral of the fleet of the north, a position to which he was appointed
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). The defeat of the Percys at the battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 (in which Owen did not take part) was only a temporary setback for the Welsh leader. The following year he displayed his skill as a daring guerrilla fighter by capturing the key castles of Aberystwyth and Harlech. He was recognized by Charles VI of France, with whom he made (1404) an alliance, and summoned (1405) his own parliament. However, the failure of an expedition from France on his behalf (1405–6) weakened him, and the recapture by the English of Aberystwyth (1408) and Harlech (1409) left him powerless. He disappeared into the mountains and refused to take advantage of the general amnesty offered by Henry V.


See biography by G. Williams (1966).

Glendower, Owen

Welsh ally of the Percys; his boastfulness antagonizes Hotspur. [Br. Lit.: I Henry IV]
References in periodicals archive ?
Being at Glyndwr was such a great opportunity to meet new people who were also interested in the same career choice as myself and learn how people work," he said.
It was, Breverton asserts in his new 240-page biography Owain Glyndwr, The Story of the Last Prince of Wales, a "full scale war of independence" which united the Welsh nation for the first time.
The minister has also agreed to reject Glyndwr University's requests to cancel the hire purchase agreement for other assets and to write off rent arrears.
Glyndwr was one of the establishment, not just of Wales but of England, a big player on the political scene.
Library spokesman Sion Jobbins said: "We don't know much about Glyndwr.
When Welsh self-confidence appears to be rising once more, and with an election looming in which devolution for Wales will once again be an important issue, 1997 will offer the chance to examine the legacy of Glyndwr, and whether history has any lessons for us today.
Glyndwr Innovations', Precision Optical Systems Group based at the St Asaph site have been collaborating with Liverpool and Durham Universities to develop technology for fabrication of low-cost mirror segments for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA).
According to THE, Prof Scott received PS155,802 in lieu of notice prior to his departure from Glyndwr in January 2015, meaning Prof Upton was paid a share of PS326,555 on his short-term interim contract.
Cardiff council is now looking for nominations for the 2012 Owain Glyndwr Seren Award Nominees may have shown exceptional courage, excellence in a particular field or are celebrated and respected within the community.
It will trace the visionary path outlined by Owain Glyndwr, who is mentioned in Shakepeare's Henry IV Part One, from a 1406 letter to the King of France about universities in Wales to the creation of Glyndwr University 600 years later.
The group is named after Owain Glyndwr, the Welsh landowner who began a rebellion against the occupying English in 1400.
A distinctively-shaped mound in a field at Monnington Court, Vowchurch, Herefordshire, is thought to be the last resting place of Glyndwr, who is believed to have been born near Oswestry, Shropshire, in about 1358.