Gmelin, Johann Georg

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gmelin, Johann Georg


Born Aug. 12, 1709, in Tübingen; died there May 20, 1755. Naturalist, Siberian traveler; academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1731).

Gmelin came to Russia from Germany in 1727. Between 1733 and 1743 his travels took him to Tobol’sk, Semipalatinsk, Ust’-Kamenogorsk, Kuznetsk, Tomsk, Krasnoiarsk, Turukhansk, Irkutsk, and Yakutsk; he returned to St. Petersburg by way of Tomsk and Verkhotur’e. The Academy of Sciences published Gmelin’s four-volume work The Flora of Siberia between 1747 and 1769. In 1747 he went to Germany, where he published his journals under the title Journey Through Siberia (vols. 1-4, Göttingen, 1751), which was later translated into many European languages.


Tikhomirov, V. V., and G. A. Sofiano. “200 let so dnia smertiakademika I. G. Gmelina.” Izv. AN SSSR: Seriia geologiche-skaia, 1955, no. 2.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.