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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a basic rural administrative and territorial unit in Poland, 1815-1954, comprising a group of rural communes. In 1954 it was replaced by an even smaller administrative unit, the gromada.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.