Gnesin's Music Pedagogic Institute
Gnesin’s Music Pedagogic Institute
one of the foremost teaching and methodological centers of the USSR in the field of musical education. In addition to teachers in all specialties of musical education, the institute trains performers in opera theaters, philharmonic societies, and orchestras, conductors of folk choral groups, music editors, and musicologists.
The institute was founded in 1944 from a music school organized in 1895 by the sisters Evgeniia, Elena, and Mariia Gnesin. As of 1973 it included the departments of piano, orchestra, voice, choral conducting, folk instruments, and history and theory of composition. It also has evening and correspondence divisions, as well as adi vision preparing students of voice for entering the institute. There is a graduate department, a student-teaching program, 19 subdepartments, a folk music studio, and laboratories for the study of the physiology of singing and the technical means of musical instruction (the first in the USSR). The record library contains about 2, 000 discs and approximately 3, 000 km of magnetic tape recordings. Attached to the institute are a children’s seven-year music school, a college (founded in 1895), and a secondary specialized school (1946).
Well-known musicians and teachers who have worked at the institute include V. V. Borisovskii, N. A. Verbova, M. I. Grin-berg, A. D. Gotlib, M. F. Gnesin, T. D. Gutman, S. G. Delit-siev, Z. A. Dolukhanova, A. S. Iliukhin, A. L. Iokheles, D. L. Lokshin, Iu. V. Muromtsev (rector of the institute during the 1950’s and 1960’s), P. M. Nortsov, P. I. Necheporenko, N. I. Peiko, I. F. Pushechnikov, M. I. Fikhtengol’ts, A. I. Kha-chaturian, N. D. Shpiller, and A. A. Iurlov. For 50 years, E. F. Gnesina directed first the college and then the institute.
During the 1972–73 academic year, the institute had an enrollment of 1, 500 students. Its staff included more than 250 teachers, including 21 professors and doctors of sciences, 57 docents and candidates of sciences, nine People’s Artists of the USSR and the Union republics, 15 Honored Art Workers, and 11 Honored Artists, as well as nine winners of the Lenin and State Prizes. Its Trudy (Transactions) have been published since 1959. From 1944 to 1973, about 4, 500 specialists were trained at the institute. Among its graduates have been 125 winners of international, all-Union, and all-Russian competitions. T. N. Khrennikov, L. N. Oborin, and E. F. Svetlanov graduated from the institute.
V. N. MININ