Goa

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Goa

(gō`ə), state (2001 provisional pop. 1,343,998), c.1,430 sq mi (3,700 sq km), W India, on the Malabar coast. A former Portuguese colony and Indian union territory, Goa became a state in 1987. The capital is Panaji (Panjim). The chief products are rice, cashew nuts, and coconuts. There is a growing manufacturing sector and tourism (including casino gambling) is also important to the economy. The languages spoken there are Portuguese, English, Marathi, and Konkani, a dialect. About 35% of the region's population is Roman Catholic; the rest are mostly Hindu.

Long a famous port, Goa was known to Arab seafarers. It had been ruled by Kandamba dynasty for more than a millennium when it was conquered by Muslim forces in 1312. Goa became part of the Hindu kingdom of VijayanagarVijayanagar
[Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north.
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 in 1370 but was recaptured by Muslims 100 years later. The Portuguese under Afonso de AlbuquerqueAlbuquerque, Afonso de
, 1453–1515, Portuguese admiral, the effective founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East. He first went to India in 1503, and in 1506 he set out for India again, to assume command from Francisco de Almeida in command.
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 annexed it in 1510 from territory belonging to the sultan of Bijapur. Goa was invaded by Indian troops in 1961 and incorporated into India in 1962.

Old Goa, the original capital, was a prosperous port city in the late 16th cent. A cathedral, churches, and several palaces survive from this period. The most notable structure is the Church of Bom Jesus, with its tomb of St. Francis Xavier, who did missionary work in the region (1542–52). In 1842, Panjim was built to replace Old Goa as capital.

Goa

a state on the W coast of India: a Portuguese overseas territory from 1510 until annexed by India in 1961. Pop.: 1 343 998 (2001). Area: 3702 sq. km (1430 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Join the festivities this year for an unforgettable day of Goan rhythms and food.
In lieu of that, I want more (job) opportunities for the Goan youth.
This optimism exemplifies a quintessential Goan when it comes to his aspirations for a Bangarache Goem, a Golden Goa.
Apart from traders and photographers, Goans arrived in Zanzibar in the mid 1800s in the form of doctors, chemists, tailors, carpenters and bakers.
Known to slip into different looks for every film, this time too Deepika has made a successful attempt to look a cheerful Goan belle.
Past that period and during the Buddhist era when the first guilds for artisans were formed, Goans quickly began to adorn divinities with cloth.
In the whole of India, no people is as denationalised as Goans.
It is touted as the biggest Music Festival ever held in Goa till date and about one lakh Goans and visitors are expected to enjoy the extravaganza at about 40 different outdoor and indoor locations.
At Pilar, when you're done with the museum, take a walk up to the first floor chapel to admire the stunning stained glass window created by the noted Goan artist, Angelo da Fonseca.
Having ejected local team The Daredevils in the semi-finals, the Wanderers looked to be keeping a stranglehold on the competition but were all but stunned by the star-studded Young Goans in the opening minutes of the match.
Translucent with blurry edges, the meaning of Goa was contested, and Goans seldom imagined a singular, unitary Goa.
August 1992 witnessed the inclusion of Konkani in the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution and Goans celebrate this by holding socio-cultural events.