Godfrey of Bouillon


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Related to Godfrey of Bouillon: Godefroy de Bouillon, Knights Templar, Pope Urban II

Godfrey of Bouillon

(bo͞oyôN`), c.1058–1100, Crusader, duke of Lower Lorraine. He fought for Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV against Pope Gregory VII and against Rudolf of Swabia and was rewarded (c.1082) with the duchy of Lower Lorraine, which he claimed through his mother. With his brothers Eustace and Baldwin, he was among those who set out (1096) for Jerusalem on the First Crusade. On the way to Constantinople, he allowed his army to pillage the countryside, but after his arrival he made peace (Jan., 1097) with the Byzantine emperor, Alexius IAlexius I
(Alexius Comnenus) , 1048–1118, Byzantine emperor (1081–1118). Under the successors of his uncle, Isaac I, the empire had fallen prey to anarchy and foreign invasions.
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. He played a minor role at Nicaea and Antioch, but achieved prominence in the siege of Jerusalem (1099) and was elected ruler of the city after its capture. Having refused the title of king on religious grounds, he was designated defender of the Holy Sepulcher. He won the battle of Ascalon (1099) and brought several Syrian towns under tribute. Godfrey was distinguished for his piety and simplicity. As the first Latin ruler of Jerusalem, he became the central figure of various legends, and his deeds were glorified in the chansons de gestechansons de geste
[Fr.,=songs of deeds], a group of epic poems of medieval France written from the 11th through the 13th cent. Varying in length from 1,000 to 20,000 lines, assonanced or (in the 13th cent.
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. His brother, Baldwin I, succeeded him as ruler of Jerusalem and took the title king.

Bibliography

See J. C. Andressohn, The Ancestry and Life of Godfrey of Bouillon (1972).


Bouillon, Godfrey of:

see Godfrey of BouillonGodfrey of Bouillon
, c.1058–1100, Crusader, duke of Lower Lorraine. He fought for Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV against Pope Gregory VII and against Rudolf of Swabia and was rewarded (c.1082) with the duchy of Lower Lorraine, which he claimed through his mother.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Godfrey of Bouillon

 

(Godefroi de Bouillon). Born c. 1060 in Bouillon; died July 18, 1100, in Jerusalem. One of the leaders of the First Crusade to the East (1096–99).

In 1087, Godfrey of Bouillon became the duke of Lower Lorraine. In 1099 after the conquest of Palestine by the crusaders he became the first ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, taking the title of Defender of the Holy Sepulcher.

REFERENCE

Andressohn. J. C. The Ancestry and Life of Godefrey of Bouillon. Bloomington, 1947.
References in periodicals archive ?
The careers of both Guy of Warwick and Godfrey of Bouillon involve a crusade or pilgrimage to the holy land and violent encounters with Saracen forces in Jerusalem.
The Four Prentices dramatizes the historical figure of Godfrey of Bouillon who was the leader of the first crusade and the first Latin ruler of Palestine after the capture of Jerusalem in 1099.
In some English Renaissance accounts of the Nine Worthies the figure of Godfrey of Bouillon was replaced by Guy of Warwick.
7) This story has no known precedent in any chronicles or chansons and, even more importantly, it cannot, strictly speaking, be about Godfrey of Bouillon and his brother Eustace, as it is known that Eustace returned home alive after the First Crusade.
More importantly, this particular exemplum illustrates that the deeds of crusaders other than Godfrey of Bouillon circulated in the medieval West and could be used as models for aspiring crusaders.
Using Godfrey of Bouillon as an example of a virtuous crusader, Bromyard states that greed and disunity among the crusaders and clerics after the capture of Jerusalem led, over time, to the city's loss to the Muslims.
Not surprisingly, some names recur--Peter the Hermit, Godfrey of Bouillon, Adhemar of Le Puy--as do the triumphant deeds of the crusaders at Antioch and, in some sources, the Christian victory at Jerusalem.
He also notes the "interesting legend" of the story connecting Rashi to Godfrey of Bouillon.
Unlike the shorter printed version, the manuscript adds several details that leave no doubt of the tale's familiarity with the historic Godfrey of Bouillon.
Godfrey of Bouillon, aged 15, received his claim to Lorraine (but not possession of it) by virtue of being adopted by his uncle, known as Godfrey the Hunchback, who was assassinated in February 1076 at age 35.
Andressohn, The Ancestry and Life of Godfrey of Bouillon (Bloomington: Indiana University Publications, Social Sciences Series, No.