Goeben


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Goeben

 

a German battle cruiser. It had a displacement of 23,000 tons and a speed of 27 knots (50 km/hr); an armament of ten 280-mm, 12 150-mm, and eight 88-mm guns, and two torpedo tubes; and a crew of 1,013. It was sold to Turkey in the beginning of World War I.

In August 1914 the Goeben and the cruiser Breslau, with the obvious complicity of the British fleet, broke through from the western to the eastern Mediterranean and then into Constantinople. To avoid a return of the ships to the Mediterranean or their internment, the German ambassador “proposed” to the Turkish government that it settle the question of the purchase within 24 hours. On Aug. 3 (16), 1914, Turkish flags were hoisted on the ships and the Goeben received the name Yavuz Sultan Selim. On Oct. 16 (29), 1914, it made a piratical attack on Sevastopol’, firing about 60 shells at the city. Subsequently it repeatedly fired on the Russian coast and transports but avoided a decisive battle with Russian ships. In January 1918 it was damaged by mines and deactivated in the Bosporus. In 1938 it was modernized and was part of the Turkish fleet until the late 1940’s; then it was a training ship until 1960.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Sazonov had already got a splendid pretext for such a war: two German warships, the Goeben and the Breslau, entered the Dardanelles and were not disarmed by the Turks." Thus, "the danger of a Russo-Turkish Alliance, which could have spoiled the whole game, was removed." (5)
However, one small but powerful German squadron did influence the balance of forces and the overall course of World War I: the Mediterranean Division, comprising the battle cruiser Goeben and the light cruiser Breslau, under Rear Admiral Wilhelm A.
One factual error is to categorize both the German SMS Goeben and SMS Breslau as light cruisers; the former was a battle cruiser.
In similar circumstances to the battle of Coronel, Troubridge, who commanded a squadron in the Mediterranean, allowed two German ships, the Goeben and Breslau, to escape.
He said: "One of those reasons was the lack of offensive spirit, possibly cowardice, shown by Rear Admiral Ernest Troubridge in the 'Goeben' incident.
Daha onceden benzer ama gerek kapsam ve gerekse de kaynakca acisindan kisitli bir calisma Mim Kemal Oke ve Erol Mutercimler tarafindan Sultan Osman adi ile toplumun ilgisine sunulmustu ve hatta oldukca onceden orijinal ingilizce kitabin yayinlanmasindan 4 yil sonra, 1978'de basilmis bir ceviri olan Redmond McLaughlin'in Yavuz'un Kacisi (Escape of Goeben) adli eserinin ilk bolumlerinde Osmanli'nin drednot-larindan bahsedilmekteydi.
Most significantly, Prior argues that Britain's heavy losses in the first attack left the fleet with no ship capable of confronting the battleship Goeben that Germany had given to Turkey at the beginning of the war.
In the Mediterranean, the German battle cruiser Goeben and the light cruiser Breslau escaped the British and French fleets, and sought sanctuary off Constantinople in the Sea of Marmara.
The [German ship] Goeben made ready to escape to the Black Sea ...
As the hours to the ultimatum's deadline ticked away, British ships pursued the German cruisers Goeben and Breslau across the Mediterranean, but the German ships slipped through fog near Sicily and made it to the Dardanelles.
Robert von Goeben is the founder and managing director of Starter Fluid[SM] (www.starterfluid.com), a seed-stage venture capital firm in San Francisco specializing in $100-500K microinvestments.
(30) This was temporarily thwarted by the presence of two German battle cruisers, Goeben and Breslau, who bombarded some North-African ports in the very first days of the war; they threatened to disrupt the transport of badly needed French colonial troops from North Africa.