Goering, Hermann Wilhelm

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Goering or Göring, Hermann Wilhelm

(both: hĕr`män vĭl`hĕlm gö`rĭng), 1893–1946, German National Socialist leader. In World War I he was a hero of the German air force. An early member of the Nazi party, he participated (1923) with Hitler in the Munich "beer-hall putsch" and after its failure escaped eventually to Sweden, where he stayed until 1927. On his return he reestablished contact with Hitler and was elected (1928) to the Reichstag, of which he became president in 1932. When Hitler came to power (1933) he made Goering air minister of Germany and prime minister and interior minister of Prussia. Until 1936 Goering headed the Gestapo (secret police), which he had founded. He became director of Hitler's four-year economic plan in 1936, supplanted Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economy in 1937, and was virtual dictator over the German economy until 1943. Goering was responsible for the German rearmament program and especially for the creation of the German air force. In 1939 Hitler designated Goering as his successor and in 1940 made him marshal of the empire, a unique rank. Goering was notorious for his love of high-sounding titles, of extraordinary uniforms, of pageantry, and of voluntary or enforced gifts. In later years he spent more and more time at his palatial estate and was addicted to narcotics. Behind his facade of good humor he hid a vindictive temperament. In World War II he was responsible for the total air war waged by Germany; his immense popularity in Germany declined after the Allied air forces, contrary to Goering's emphatic predictions, began to lay Germany to waste. From 1943 on, Hitler deprived him of all formal authority and finally dismissed him shortly before the end of the war, when Goering attempted to claim his right of succession. He surrendered (May, 1945) to American troops and was the chief defendant at the Nuremberg trial for war crimes (1945–46). He defended himself with brilliant cynicism but was convicted and sentenced to death. Two hours before his scheduled hanging, he committed suicide by swallowing a poison capsule.

Bibliography

See biographies by C. H. Bewley (1962), R. Manvell, and H. Fraenkel (1962, repr. 1972), A. Lee (1972), and L. Mosley (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
If the board pursues a ban, it should look at developing a contract with a waste hauler for countywide yard-waste removal, Goering said.
| Derek Cawser and daughter Nicola have discovered links to Nazi Hermann Goering via his wife, Carin Axelina Huldo Fock, far left, and to war heroes Sir Amos Godsell Robert Norcott, top right, and Sir William Sherbrook Ramsey, right
He added: "Goering was known for his excesses and a silver-bound copy of his boss's book would have certainly been amongst his prize possessions."
After Goering was captured, Samson and Delilah was among works recovered and restituted to Bachstitz's estate.
Goering, husband of Judge Sylva Aguirre-Paderanga of the Regional Trial, Court Branch 16, heard the shots and rushed out of the office.
You never know, a century from now some enterprising psychologist might use Goering's bloomers as evidence of a connection between an XXL bottom and being a genocidal maniac.
But the wear and tear along the buttons, and specifically on the left pocket of the uniform, proved to him that it was likely Goering himself wore it.
Applicants are judged by an independent panel of judges on several of the 10 best practices of family and private businesses as defined by the Goering Center.
He was back in the news last week when journalists from Der Speigel reported that a Persian rug looted during the Second World War and acquired by Goering for his Reichsmarschall office had been found on the floor of chancellor Angela Merkel's office.
The 'Collection Goering' as the Reichmarshall's loot was known, encompassed paintings, tapestries, jewellery, hunting ornaments, altarpieces - and rugs.
It is against this backdrop that Frater introduces Werner Goering, an army B-17 pilot who knew the German Luftwaffe commander Hermann Goring as Uncle Hermann.
Goering Financial Holding Company Partnership, L.P.