Göttingen

(redirected from Goettingen)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Göttingen

(göt`ĭng-ən), city (1994 pop. 128,420), Lower Saxony, central Germany, on the Leine River. It is noted for its university, founded in 1734 (opened 1737) by Elector George Augustus (George II of England). Manufactures include printed materials, optical and precision instruments, textiles, and aluminum. Known in the 10th cent., Göttingen was granted (1210) a city charter and joined the Hanseatic League. When, in 1837, King Ernest Augustus of Hanover revoked the liberal constitution of Hanover, seven professors at the Univ. of Göttingen issued a strong protest and were summarily dismissed. They were the brothers Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, the founders of comparative philology; the historian and critic G. G. Gervinus; the historian F. C. Dahlmann; the physicist W. E. Weber; the Orientalist and theologian G. H. A. von Ewald; and the jurist Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht. This celebrated incident led to the decline of the university's reputation. It was revived at the end of the 19th cent. by the growth of world-famous departments of mathematics and physics. The university's reputation in mathematics dates back to 1807, when Karl Friedrich Gauss, who was born in the city, began to teach there. Göttingen was the seat of the Göttinger Dichterbund or Göttinger Hainbund, a group of early Romantic poets, formed there in 1772 by J. H. Voss and others. The city was virtually undamaged in World War II and has retained numerous historic buildings, including a 14th-century town hall, half-timbered houses, and student taverns. There are several museums.

Göttingen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, located in Lower Saxony on the Leine River. Population, 114,000 (1969). The city’s chief industries are metalworking and the manufacture of electrical and optical equipment and scientific precision instruments. Göttingen also has printing firms and publishing houses, and it is one of Germany’s major scientific centers. The city is an important scholarly center, with a division of the Academy of Sciences, a university (founded in 1737), the Max Planck Scientific Society, and an aerodynamics research center.

In the Middle Ages, Göttingen was an important cloth manufacturing center, and it was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 14th century. At that time it was best known as a university town. As part of the province of Hannover, Göttingen joined Prussia in 1866.

References in periodicals archive ?
On a global level, infectious diseases (ID) are a leading cause of death, and the level is equivalent to the number of people dying from cardiovascular diseases," said Centre for Hygiene and Human Genetics Division Chief of Virology at Germany's University of Goettingen Professor Frank Hufert.
Initially, researchers wanted to show how these pests reduced potato yields, but they actually they found yield increases, said Katja Poveda, the study's principal investigator, at the Agroecology Institute of the University of Goettingen, Germany, and the Cornell entomology department.
In addition, it is visible proof of our confidence in the performance capabilities of our employees and in the potential of the Goettingen location.
Avontec, which was launched by the Georg-August-University Goettingen in Germany in 2001, specializes in research and development of nucleic acid-based drugs.
We have cured seven out of 10 patients of snoring with this treatment," said Dr Wilfried Engelke of the University of Goettingen, Germany.
LINOS Photonics GmbH, Koenigsallee 23, D-37081 Goettingen, Germany.
Roesky, Tammannstrasse 4, D-37077 Goettingen, Germany.
Six others were injured in Goettingen, Lower Saxony.
Experts at the University of Goettingen said that in laboratory tests, tectorigenin, obtained from roots of Belamcanda chinensis, stopped cancer cells growing and in animal tests it had slowed the spread of the cancer.
Supporters of ex-fourth division side SC Goettingen 05 - who have just gone bankrupt - claim their support can help encourage others to victory.
LINOS Photonics GmbH, Konigsallee 23, D-37081 Goettingen, Germany.