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Goiânia(go͝oyä`nyə), city (1996 pop. 998,520), capital of Goiás state, S central Brazil. A modern planned city, it was built to replace the old city of Goiás as state capital and was inaugurated as such in 1937. It is a shipping and processing center for a region producing cattle, minerals, and agricultural commodities. Goiânia is the seat of a federal university (est. 1964) and of several technical schools.
a city in Brazil, situated in the central part of the Brazilian Highlands, on the Meia Ponte River (Paranaiba basin); capital of the state of Goiás since 1937. Population, 388,900 (1970). Goiánia has a railroad station; it is also a highway junction (to Brasilia, Belém. and other cities). The center of a livestock raising and mining (diamonds, titanium ores) area, it has food industries (slaughterhouses and refrigeration plants, milk-bottling plants, canneries, and others) as well as cement, chemical, paper, and other industrial enterprises. There is an airport in the city.