Golan Heights


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Golan Heights,

strategic upland region (2003 est. pop. 10,500), c.500 sq mi (1,250 sq km), SW Syria. It borders S Lebanon, NE Israel, and NW Jordan. It takes its name from the ancient city of GolanGolan
, in the Bible, refuge city, located in the tribal territory of Manasseh E of the Jordan; it was also a levitical city. Golan gives its name to the rocky plateau known as the Golan Heights.
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 and was known as Gaulanitis in New Testament times. It is a rocky plateau overlooking Israel where elevations range from c.6,500 ft (2,000 m) in the north to below sea level along the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias) and the Yarmuk River in the south. The Golan Heights were fortified and used for artillery attacks on Israel after 1948. The region was captured by Israel during the Six-Day War in 1967 (see Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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) and formally annexed by Israel in 1981, an act that was not recognized internationally (except for the United States in 2019 under the Trump administration). A number of Israeli settlements have been established in the area; the region has become an important source of water for Israel. Ultimate control of the Golan Heights has been a stumbling block to Israeli-Syrian peace talks.
References in periodicals archive ?
Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Ylon has said Israel would not tolerate any spillover from the Syrian conflict, signaling a policy of swift retaliation for any fire into the Golan Heights.
Then they will be brought back to Golan Heights for the U.N.
The liberated Syrian prisoners; Asim Al-Wali, Bishr Al-Miqt and other Syrians participating in the Symposium made interventions highlighting their personal experience in resisting the Israeli occupation, reiterating the pledge of loyalty to and solidarity with the motherland, Syria, and continued struggle as to liberate the beloved Golan Heights.
The Golan Heights were also seized by Israel during the 1967 war.
Israel occupied the Golan Heights 42 years ago and annexed it in 1981, a move rejected by a United Nations Security Council resolution.
Israel seized the Golan Heights from Syria in 1967 and announced its annexation of the area in 1981.
"I am here with my family and many citizens of Israel at the foot of the Golan Heights, happy with the joy of the holiday and our beautiful country," Netanyahu said in a video post.
The US faced global condemnation after President Trump signed an official decree in Washington DC on March 26, in the presence of Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, recognising Israel's sovereignty on Golan Heights.
Israel seized the Golan Heights from Syria in the closing stages of its 1967 Six-Day War with Arab countries, which also saw the regime occupy the Palestinian territories of the West Bank, East Jerusalem al-Quds and the Gaza Strip.
Comparing Trump's move with Balfour Declaration, he said undoubtedly this illegal decision will not change Syria's possession of the Golan Heights.
Following the unilateral US proclamation of declaring Golan Heights as part of Israel, there has been more reaction from European Union rather than a tough stance from the Arab world.