Goldberger, Joseph

Goldberger, Joseph,

1874–1929, American medical research worker, b. Austria-Hungary, grad. Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 1895. He came to the United States at the age of six. He joined the U.S. Public Health Service in 1899, specializing in preventive medicine, infectious diseases, and nutrition. Working on pellagra, he discovered the cause to be deficiency of a nutritive factor that he called "pellagra preventive" (P-P), now known to be niacin (nicotinic acid).
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Goldberger, Joseph

(1874–1929) epidemiologist, medical researcher; born in Giralt, Hungary. He came to the United States as a child. After taking his M.D. at New York City's Bellevue Hospital Medical College (1895), he joined the Public Health Service in 1899. He investigated the mechanisms of spread of measles, typhus, typhoid, yellow fever, and other infectious diseases. Most notably, he demonstrated that pellagra, then common in the South, was caused by a vitamin B deficiency.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.