gold rush

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gold rush,

influx of prospectors, merchants, adventurers, and others to newly discovered gold fields. One of the most famous of these stampedes in pursuit of riches was the California gold rush. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill early in 1848 brought more than 40,000 prospectors to California within two years. Although few of them struck it rich, their presence was an important stimulus to economic growth and hastened California's statehood (1850). Agriculture, commerce, transportation, and industry grew rapidly to meet the needs of the settlers; mining, too, soon became big business as corporations replaced the individual prospector. Vigilante justice and ad hoc political structures soon gave way to the complex organization of state government. The excitement of the California gold-rush days has been captured in the works of Bret HarteHarte, Bret
(Francis Brett Harte) , 1836–1902, American writer of short stories and humorous verse, b. Albany, N.Y. At 19 he went to California, where he tried his hand at teaching, clerking, and mining.
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 and Jack LondonLondon, Jack
(John Griffith London), 1876–1916, American author, b. San Francisco. The illegitimate son of William Chaney, an astrologer, and Flora Wellman, a seamstress and medium, he had a poverty-stricken childhood, and was brought up by his mother and her subsequent
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. Other large gold rushes took place in Australia (1851–53); WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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, South Africa (1884); and the KlondikeKlondike
, region of Yukon, NW Canada, just E of the Alaska border. It lies around Klondike River, a small stream that enters the Yukon River from the east at Dawson. The discovery in 1896 of rich placer gold deposits in Bonanza (Rabbit) Creek, a tributary of the Klondike,
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, Canada (1897–98).

Bibliography

See O. Lewis, Sea Routes to the Gold Fields (1949); E. Wells and H. Peterson, The '49ers (1949); P. Barton, The Klondike Fever (1958); R. W. Paul, Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848–1880 (1963, repr. 2001) and as ed., The California Gold Discovery (1966); D. B. Chidsey, The California Gold Rush (1968); H. W. Brands, The Age of Gold (2002); D. L. Walker, Eldorado: The California Gold Rush (2003); E. Dolnick, The Rush: America's Fevered Quest for Fortune, 1848–1853 (2014).

Gold Rush

lure of instant riches precipitated onslaught of prospectors (1848, 1886). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 203]
See: Frenzy
References in periodicals archive ?
Jess, a Huddersfield University student, and Tor, a professional dancer and choreographer, have been with Goldrush for three years and one year respectively.
Ordering a Goldrush is like having a full rack of LongHorn's Baby Back Ribs with a side of Seasoned French Fries for dessert offer you've polished off your LongHorn steak dinner.
CELEBRATION: Staff at Mercia say cheers to raising pounds 27,000 for the Snowball charity in 1987; ON THE ROAD: The Evening Telegraph's then motoring editor Keith Read takes a look at Mercia's new radio car, and (below), Mercia's radio soap opera, Mrs Baynes' DiaryCHARITY SUCCESS: Mercia FM'S Goldrush team celebrate raising pounds 25,000 in 18 hours for Snowball in 1990
Sainsbury has begun to stock Goldrush, a golden skinned russeted pear discovered by chance growing in desert conditions in Western Australia
If this book can't be found locally it may be ordered from the Goldrush Products Company, 491 West San Carlos St.
Cairns is merely a stopping off point from where to explore North Queensland -- the old mining town of Mareeba, the different areas stuck in a hippy time warp, and Cooktown, a 19th century goldrush town.
Considering Barrick's nearby multi-million ounce Goldrush discovery occurs at similar depths, we are interested in finding a new partner who shares our enthusiasm in testing the deep potential of the property".
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The majority of Tennessees crop will be ripe in September and October, and a few varieties, including Arkansas Black, Pink Lady and Goldrush are harvested in early November.
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When paired up with an early-noughties Onkyo mini CD system and fed a hi-res FLAC version of Neil Young's After The Goldrush, the stream was robust and full of detail with no obvious signs of compression or artefacts.
A prefeasibility study was completed in January for an expansion at its 75% owned Turquoise Ridge mine, and prefeasibility studies are scheduled for completion before year-end at its Goldrush, Cortez underground expansion and Spring Valley projects.