gold rush

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gold rush,

influx of prospectors, merchants, adventurers, and others to newly discovered gold fields. One of the most famous of these stampedes in pursuit of riches was the California gold rush. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill early in 1848 brought more than 40,000 prospectors to California within two years. Although few of them struck it rich, their presence was an important stimulus to economic growth and hastened California's statehood (1850). Agriculture, commerce, transportation, and industry grew rapidly to meet the needs of the settlers; mining, too, soon became big business as corporations replaced the individual prospector. Vigilante justice and ad hoc political structures soon gave way to the complex organization of state government. The excitement of the California gold-rush days has been captured in the works of Bret HarteHarte, Bret
(Francis Brett Harte) , 1836–1902, American writer of short stories and humorous verse, b. Albany, N.Y. At 19 he went to California, where he tried his hand at teaching, clerking, and mining.
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 and Jack LondonLondon, Jack
(John Griffith London), 1876–1916, American author, b. San Francisco. The illegitimate son of William Chaney, an astrologer, and Flora Wellman, a seamstress and medium, he had a poverty-stricken childhood, and was brought up by his mother and her subsequent
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. Other large gold rushes took place in Australia (1851–53); WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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, South Africa (1884); and the KlondikeKlondike
, region of Yukon, NW Canada, just E of the Alaska border. It lies around Klondike River, a small stream that enters the Yukon River from the east at Dawson. The discovery in 1896 of rich placer gold deposits in Bonanza (Rabbit) Creek, a tributary of the Klondike,
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, Canada (1897–98).


See O. Lewis, Sea Routes to the Gold Fields (1949); E. Wells and H. Peterson, The '49ers (1949); P. Barton, The Klondike Fever (1958); R. W. Paul, Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848–1880 (1963, repr. 2001) and as ed., The California Gold Discovery (1966); D. B. Chidsey, The California Gold Rush (1968); H. W. Brands, The Age of Gold (2002); D. L. Walker, Eldorado: The California Gold Rush (2003); E. Dolnick, The Rush: America's Fevered Quest for Fortune, 1848–1853 (2014).

Gold Rush

lure of instant riches precipitated onslaught of prospectors (1848, 1886). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 203]
See: Frenzy
References in periodicals archive ?
th] Annual goldRush Rally (GR6) to raise awareness and funds for Taylor Lynn Foundation.
Nils said: "Playing on After The Goldrush was an extraordinary journey in my first year as a professional musician.
Tomorrow's Mawddach Goldrush trail race will test competitors - and their dogs - over 8.
The Company will drill test both of these properties in the first half the year, targeting the strike extension of Barrick's growing Goldrush deposit (15Mozs of gold) in Nevada.
Ordering a Goldrush is like having a full rack of LongHorn's Baby Back Ribs with a side of Seasoned French Fries for dessert offer you've polished off your LongHorn steak dinner.
Goldrush is a superb cottage garden plant that will yield endless summer flowers for the garden or for the vase, opening in a pure white and then mellowing to golden hues.
Goldrush will be holding auditions at The Zone, St Andrew's Road, on Sunday (2pm).
Compare the football goldrush, too, with the efforts of our Paralympic athletes who strive for success on a means-tested pittance.
This is a well-researched book covering the goldrush era from the 1850s to the 1880s, outlining what it was like for immigrants to come from England in the sailing ships to the Victorian goldfields, the hardships and dangers they experienced, and the life of the miners on the fields and their families.
The new form metasequoia Goldrush would be my choice, with soft golden needles all summer, turning russet in autumn.
The general feeling was that the Greyhound & Petworld Oaks had been decided when Emmas Goldrush turned over the hot favourite Fives Treasure in the semi-final, but there was a shock in store when Dale Roisin led out of slips in the final and raced home a three-length winner for owner, breeder and trainer Brendan Farrelly from Raharney, Mullingar.
Goldrush is a Canadian firm involved in gold prospecting in West Africa, where the firm has identified, and is at present enlarging and determining, the 249,000 ounce Ronguen gold deposit in Burkina Faso.