Goliad(gō`lēăd), city (1990 pop. 1,946), seat of Goliad co., S Tex., on the San Antonio River, SE of San Antonio. It is a market for the surrounding farm region. A Spanish mission and presidio moved to Goliad in 1749. After the start of the Texas Revolution (1836), Goliad was seized by Texan forces under Col. J. W. Fannin. When Mexican troops advanced into Texas, Fannin evacuated Goliad with about 300 men but was overtaken. After a hopeless battle, he surrendered on Mar. 20, 1836; a week later most of the prisoners were shot by the Mexicans. The American settlement grew up across the river, and the restored mission and the ruins of the old presidio are in a state park.
a Baltic tribe mentioned in Russian chronicles of the 1 Ith and 12th centuries. The tribe lived in the valley of the Protva River, a right tributary of the Moskva River, between the Viatichi and the Krivichi. In the 12th century the majority of the Goliad’ was assimilated by the Slavs.