Golikov, Ivan Ivanovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Golikov, Ivan Ivanovich

 

Born 1735; died Mar. 12 (24), 1801. Russian historian. Kursk merchant. A deputy to the Legislative Commission convened by Empress Elizabeth.

Golikov had been convicted of abuse of the liquor franchise, but he was pardoned on the occasion of the unveiling of the monument to Peter 1 in St. Petersburg in 1782. He collected manuscripts relating to the time of Peter I and wrote an extensive work, The Deeds of Peter the Great, published in 1788–89, with Addenda following in 1790–97. This work is valuable mainly for its large number of documents and more than 2,000 letters of Peter I. It is one of the first manifestations of Russian bourgeois historiography. Golikov placed high value on Peter I’s economic policies, in particular, his measures to develop trade and industry and his concern for the merchant class. He credited Peter with displaying “love of work,” “economy,” and disdain for luxury. Up until the middle of the I9th century, The Deeds of Peter the Great was the basic work on the era of Peter and the basic collection of documents from that era; A. S. Pushkin and V. G. Belinskii made a careful study of it.

REFERENCES

Deianiia Petra Velikogo, mudrogo preobrazitelia Rossii, sobrannye iz dostovernykh istochnikov i raspolozhennye po godam, 2nd ed., vols. 1–15. Moscow. 1837—43.
Dopolneniia k deianiiam Petra Velikogo, vols. 1–18. Moscow, 1790–97.
Ocherki istorii istoricheskoi nauki v SSSR, vol. I. Moscow, 1955.

B. B. KAFENGAUZ


Golikov, Ivan Ivanovich

 

Born Dec. 25. 1886 (Jan. 6, 1887). in Moscow; died Mar. 31, 1937. in Palekh, Ivanovo Oblast. Soviet artist and specialist in Palekh miniatures; Honored Art Worker of the RSFSR (1933).

Golikov studied and worked in the icon-painting workshops in Palekh, Moscow, and St. Petersburg. He also taught at the Palekh School of Art. By adapting the traditions of the Stroganov school and of the Palekh icon painting of the 18th century, Golikov was able to create an original style of miniature painting in tempera on lacquered articles. The distinctive features of this style were delicate ornamentation and dynamic forms, as exemplified by the miniatures Wedding Troikas (1924: Museum of Folk Art in Moscow) and The Red Partisans (1935; Museum of Palekh Art in Palekh). Golikov also executed tempera illustrations such as those for The Tale of Igor’s Campaign (published in 1934), as well as decorative panels.

REFERENCES

Bakushinskii. A. V. Iskusstvo Palekha, Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Reinson-Pravdin, A. N. I. I. Golikov. Moscow. 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.