Golova

Golova

 

the name of military and administrative positions in Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The military posts included the sotennyi golova, the chief of a 100-man unit (sotnia) in the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) militia: the streletskii golova (colonel from the second half of the 17th century), the chief of the Streletskii Prikaz (the office administering the semiprofessional musketeers); the cossack golova; the pushkarskii golova (head of a detail of soldiers), the chief of city artillery; the oboznyi golova, in charge of transportation; the osadnyi golova, who prepared the city for a siege; the zasechnyi golova, in charge of defense lines; the stanitsa (storozhevoi) golova, the chief of a border (frontier) detachment; and the stoialyi golova, the chief of sentry service in the borderlands of the state. The government usually appointed dvoriane and deti boiarskie (second-rank nobility) to the golova posts.

The administrative and financial posts included the zhit-nichnyi golova, in charge of the collection of grain for the salary of military people; the ob‘ ’ezzhyi golova, in charge of the police of a city; the pis’mennyi golova, an assistant to the voevody (provincial governors) in Astrakhan and the cities of Siberia and later in charge of the chancellory; the solianoi golova, in charge of the state treasury’s salt works; and the tamozhennyi golova and kabatskii golova, in charge of the collection of customs and liquor duties. The golova posts existed until the beginning of the 18th century. The position of gorodskoi golova (mayor) appeared in Russia with the Charter of the Cities of 1785.

REFERENCES

Chicherin, B. Oblastnye uchrezhdeniia Rossii ν XVII v. Moscow, 1856.
Chernov, A. V. Vooruzhennye sily Russkogo gosudarslva XV-XVII vv. Moscow. 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Golova Korolevy Materi iz Benina" [Head of the Queen Mother from Benin].
However, though A Priceless Head (Betsennaia golova, Boris Barnet, 1942) did include a Jewish character, reviewers omitted his presence because they "lacked any clearly acceptable way to discuss this dimension" (86).
(1) Prince Vladimir Mikhailovich Golitsyn was the Moscow city manager (garodskoi golova) in 1898-1905.
They just lie there, like royalty.") And there is a Soviet Jewish engineer, who is embarrassed when Glatstein compliments him on his "Yevreskaya golova, a Jewish head!": This kind of ethnocentrism is taboo in the worker's motherland.
(4) In addition to the IMF's World Economic Outlook forecast for Russia (Figure 1), positive growth rates after 2009 are also forecasted by Russia's Ministry of Economic Development (see the forecasts for 2010-2012 as of September 2009 and December 2009, http://www.economy.gov.ru/minec/activity/sections/macro/ prognoz/doc1254407742765 and http://www.economy.gov.ru/minec/ activity/sections/macro/prognoz/prog2010, respectively, accessed on 23 February 2010, [in Russian]) and by professional economists (see the consensus forecast in "Neft Vsemu Golova", Vedomosti, 22 December 2009, http://www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/article/2009/12/22/221905 and the Fall 2009 consensus forecast run by the Development Center http://www.dcenter.ru/archive_forecast.htm [in Russian]).
(65.) Skovoroda, "De Libertate," PZT, I, 91; "Basny Khar'kovskija: Basnja 8, Golova y Tulub," PZT, I, 112.
Parents with limited English proficiency may be reluctant to read aloud in their native language, out of concern that this would impede their children's English acquisition (Golova, Alario, Vivier, Rodriguez, & High, 1999).
peresekla dorogu, ronyaya k nogam neznakomtsa kurinuyu vnutrennost'; litso moego neznakomtsa peredernula sudoroga, golova zhe nervno zakinulas', obnaruzhiv nezhnuyu sheyu.
But, on the other hand, this phrase can alternate with the dative complement: Oni razbili u Peti = Pete ocki; there are also constructions where the U + [N.sub.gen] phrase is an indisputable SSynt-actant--an oblique object: U Peti bolit golova, lit.
In late winter 1988-89, Konyukhov studied seabirds wintering in the Sireniki polynya, an important site for wintering seabirds, and conducted seabird surveys from Cape Yagnochymlo to Cape Lysaya Golova.