Goltzius, Hendrik

Goltzius, Hendrik or Hendrick

(hĕn`drĭk gôlt`sēüs), 1558–1617, Dutch line engraver and painter; son of a stained-glass painter. He is said to have blended the naturalism of Northern European art with the classicism of Italy. Early in life he established himself as a printer in Haarlem, returning there after extensive travel in Italy and Germany. Goltzius was one of the greatest draftsmen of his era despite a drawing hand that was severely deformed from a childhood accident. Extremely popular in his day, he was a very versatile engraver, successfully imitating many styles, particularly those of Lucas van LeydenLucas van Leyden
, 1494–1533, Dutch historical and genre painter and engraver. With Lucas, Dutch painting of scenes from daily life may be said to begin. His art is notable for its realistic treatment, dramatic power, and careful execution.
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, DürerDürer, Albrecht
, 1471–1528, German painter, engraver, and theoretician, most influential artist of the German school, b. Nuremberg. Early Life and Work
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, and various Italian masters. He was also known for his engraved portraits. In all, Goltzius produced about 500 plates of great virtuosity and considerable beauty. He turned from engraving to painting c.1600 and produced about 50 painted works, e.g., Danaë (Los Angeles County Mus.)
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